Tullio Levi-Civita

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Levi-Civita, Tullio


Born Mar. 29, 1873, in Padua; died Dec. 29, 1941, in Rome. Italian mathematician and specialist in mechanics.

Levi-Civita was a professor at universities in Padua (1898–1918) and Rome (1918–38). He systematized tensor analysis in 1901 together with the Italian mathematician G. Ricci-Curbastro. Levi-Civita was the first to pose and solve the problem of “regularizing” the limited three-body problem. He was the author of a number of works on celestial mechanics, hydrodynamics, and the theory of differential equations. He substantiated mathematically the theory of adiabatic invariants introduced by A. Einstein.


Hodge, W. V. D. “Tullio Levi-Civita.” The Journal of the London Mathematical Society, 1943, vol. 18, no. 70, p. 107.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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What would have happened had there been no Bernhard Riemann, Erwin Christoffel, Tullio Levi-Civita, and the others; could Einstein have been enforced to develop Riemannian geometry in solitude from scratch?
His own work is written in a difficult and often confused style; and its content has been superseded or overshadowed by the work of his famous student, Tullio Levi-Civita and, following him, that of Arthur Schoenflies, Hans Hahn, and others.