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Born Mar. 29, 1873, in Padua; died Dec. 29, 1941, in Rome. Italian mathematician and specialist in mechanics.
Levi-Civita was a professor at universities in Padua (1898–1918) and Rome (1918–38). He systematized tensor analysis in 1901 together with the Italian mathematician G. Ricci-Curbastro. Levi-Civita was the first to pose and solve the problem of “regularizing” the limited three-body problem. He was the author of a number of works on celestial mechanics, hydrodynamics, and the theory of differential equations. He substantiated mathematically the theory of adiabatic invariants introduced by A. Einstein.