Tumasik

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tumasik

 

(also Tumasek), a medieval city-state in Southeast Asia, on the site of what is now Singapore. Tumasik is traditionally considered to have been founded in 1299; it was one of the states that were formed after the collapse of the Srivijaya empire. In the 14th century it came under Majapahit rule, but after the decline of the Majapahit state, Tumasik became a vassal of Ayutthaya (Siam). In 1401 the Majapahit prince Parameswara killed the ruler of Tumasik and took possession of the city; in 1402, however, the prince was driven out by Siamese troops. In the 15th century, Tumasik became part of the Malacca Sultanate. With the rise of Malacca, the importance of the city of Tumasik as a port and commercial center declined.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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East Asian mention of a settlement on the island, he notes that 'Danmaxi' ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]), a Sinicisation of the name 'Tumasik' (Tamasek) taken from a Majapahit-era Javanese epic poem, appears in the Zheng He Hanghai Tu (Zheng He navigational chart).
The typical "story" goes like this: Raffles, tasked with the mandate of establishing a trading post in the Eastern Archipelago, landed on the island "Tumasik" on 28 January 1819.