Salsola

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Salsola

 

(saltwort), a genus of plants of the family Chenopo-diaceae. These annual herbs, shrubs, and subshrubs generally have alternate, fleshy, and linear or semicylindrical leaves. The bisexual flowers usually are borne singly in the axils of the brac-teal leaves and form spicate or panicled inflorescences. There are usually five perianth segments, which are partite and often develop horizontal wings near the fruits.

There are more than 150 species, distributed primarily in the deserts and semideserts of Eurasia and Africa. Species have been introduced into the Americas and Australia. There are about 80 species in the USSR, growing mainly in Middle Asia. The plants grow principally on solonchaks, solonetzes, and sands. The following are valuable pasture plants for camels, sheep, and goats: the subshrub S. orientalis (formerly S. rígida), the shrub S.arbúsculo, and the annuals S. crassa, S. lanata, S. brachiata, and S. turcomanica. The species S. ibérica is a weed and fodder plant. Some species, for example, S. paletzkiana, serve to fix sands. Shrub species are used as fuel. The shrub S. richteri, which grows in sandy deserts of Middle Asia, contains the alkaloids salsoline and salsolidine in its fruits, flowers, and leaves; the alkaloids are used in treating hypertension. Species whose anthers have swollen appendages, for example, S. crassa, are often placed in the genus Cltmacoptera.

References in periodicals archive ?
Let's face it, throughout July and August Coventry and Warwickshire reverberated to little more than the sound of tumble weed blowing through the precinct.
Pheasant hunts at Dakota Hunting Farms take place in typical farm habitat including large tracts of native prairie, meandering vegetation-covered waterways, long strips of trees and small patches of tumble weeds so thick only the dogs and pheasants can enter them.
This is a small city surrounded by sand hills and tumble weeds. But guess what?
Working from the final sections of the Qu'ran, Dawood presents an interdisciplinary installation comprised of paintings, neon lights and tumble weeds, which call into question the convergence of design, formalism and mysticism.
Playing honky tonk country versions of Led Zep and Queen, Hayseed Dixie blew those tumble weeds away at Liverpool uni.
So, when the tumble weeds are blowing down Redcar High Street and the council chiefs are sat wringing their hands in despair, at where their salaries are to be generated from, I hope they will permit me an ironic smile.