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(to͝onko͝oz`), Siberian ethnic group, numbering perhaps 30,000. They are subdivided into the Evenki, who live in the area from the Yenisei and Ob river basins to the Pacific Ocean and from the Amur River to the Arctic Ocean, and the Lamut, who live on the coast of the Okhotsk Sea. The Tungus are closely related to the Manchus. Before they were brought under Soviet control, the Tungus practiced a shamanistic religion. The Tungus, or Tunguzic, languages are a division of the Altaic subfamily of the Ural-Altaic family of languages (see Uralic and Altaic languagesUralic and Altaic languages
, two groups of related languages thought by many scholars to form a single Ural-Altaic linguistic family. However, other authorities hold that the Uralic and Altaic groups constitute two unconnected and separate language families.
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) that includes the Manchu literary language; they may be related to the Mongolic and Turkic families.


See I. Lissner, Man, God, and Magic (tr. 1961).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Shirokogoroff [Shirokogoroff], "Study of Tungus Languages Languages (a review article on P.
His painstaking ethnographic accounts of shamanic practices among the Tungus were fuelled by a scornful reversal of traditional ethnographic assumptions.
Keywords: Yukaghir, arrow, loanword from Tungus languages, hunting term, language taboo.
Greenberg proposes the Tungusic Tungus "destinative", e.g., [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 'this for me' (Greenberg 2000 : 68).
On June 3% 1908, hundreds of acres of forest in the Tunguska Basin, which is in Eastern Siberia, between the Yenisei and the Lena rivers, where the Tungus live, was flattened by an enormous explosion.
Chapter 2 looks at the ways in which the Evenki (Tungus) discursively become Tsarist subjects in a variety of textual media (ethnographic reports, official documents, laws, etc.), while often being portrayed--paradoxically--as beyond the administrative reach of the Russian state.
Tungus, most notably Evenk, and nonagropastoralist Sakha were the reindeer-herding inhabitants of the Viliui Regions prior to colonization by Sakha agropastoralists.
Based on a discussion of its Tungus origins, he states that the term shaman describes, "by definition, one who attains an ecstatic state" (p.