National Dialogue Quartet

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National Dialogue Quartet

National Dialogue Quartet, informal grouping of four Tunisian civil society organizations formed in mid-2013 to facilitate political dialogue in Tunisia that would lead to consensus on the adoption of new constitution. For its contribution toward building a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia, the quartet was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2015.

Following the ouster of President Ben Ali during the Arab Spring protests of 2011, a constituent assembly had been elected, but an impasse between Islamist and secular parties had resulted in the failure of the assembly to adopt a new constitution before the end of 2012. Islamist militant violence in Tunisia, which had increased in 2012, led to prominent political assassinations in February and July, 2013. Secular opposition parties boycotted from the assembly and accused the main Islamist party, Ennahda, of complicity in or tolerance for the violence; the Islamist-led government rejected the charges and the opposition's call for a government of national unity.

In an attempt to end the resulting political impasse, avert further political polarization, and speed the adoption of a democratic constitution, Hassine Abassi, the secretary general of the Tunisian General Labor Union, approached the Tunisian Union of Industry, Commerce, and Handicrafts, the national business federation and the trade union's historical opponent, to form an alliance to foster national dialogue and political consensus. Subsequently the two were joined by the Tunisian National Bar Association and Tunisian League for the Defense of Human Rights in the National Dialogue Initiative. Insisting on a political road map that called for a consensus leading to the establishment of technocratic government, adoption of a constitution, and holding of elections under the supervision of an independent election commission, the quartet gradually achieved (Oct., 2013) 21 political parties' agreement, and work on the constitution resumed. The interim government took office in Jan., 2014, and a new constitution was adopted that month, with elections occuring the following December.

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The Organizations confirmed for the Summit are American Friends Service Committee; Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet; International Peace Bureau; Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs; Albert Schweitzer Institute; International Campaign to Ban Landmines; Amnesty International; Institute of International Law; Kim Dae-Jung Presidential Library and Museum; International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War; United Nations Children's Fund; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees; International Labour Organization; Martin Luther King Center; Nelson Mandela Foundation.
In 2015, the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet won the Nobel Peace Prize for promoting a peaceful, pluralistic political order in the country.
"The dialogue was the beginning of a new chapter in the history of Tunisia," said Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Ouided Bouchamaoui, who founded the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- The Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet urged the people of Syria to find a way to end their five-year conflict that has left more than 250,000 people dead and displaced millions.
Participants included European neighbourhood policy Commissioner Johannes Hahn, several members of the Tunisian government, representatives of Tunisian civil society and members of the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet, winners of the Nobel Prize 2015.
The Nobel Peace Prize committee gave the award to the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet "for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution" last year.
It is in this wise that I gratefully welcomed the 2015 Nobel Peace Prize winner, the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet. The Quartet is an unlikely mix of a labor union; an industry, trade and handicrafts confederation; a human rights league; and a lawyers organization.
Furthermore, she recognised the Nobel Peace Prize which was given to the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet as "such peace-makers include the vibrant women's movements, who continue to work tirelessly to safeguard some of the gains of the Arab Spring and elsewhere".
Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet
The Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet was hailed for pulling the country that sparked the Arab Spring back on to a path towards democracy and preventing it from descending into civil war.
The Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet was hailed for pulling the country that sparked the Arab Spring back onto a path towards democracy and preventing it from descending into civil war.