Tunisians


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Tunisians

 

a nation (natsiia; “nation” in the historical sense) and the basic population of Tunisia. The Tunisians number about 5.5 million (1975, estimate). Almost all Tunisians speak the eastern Maghribi, or Tunisian, dialect of Arabic. Fewer than 1 percent, who live on the island of Djerba and in the southern mountainous regions, speak a local dialect of Berber. Religious Tunisians are predominantly Sunni Muslims of the Malikite school. The majority of the Tunisians are engaged in agriculture; the inhabitants of the interior steppe regions are seminomadic herdsmen.

The Tunisians represent a mixture of the ancient indigenous inhabitants of the country, the Berbers, with Arabs who appeared in northwest Africa, beginning in the seventh century, during the formation of the Tunisian state. The consolidation of the Tunisians into a nation was furthered by the national liberation struggle against French colonial domination from 1881 to 1956 and by the strengthening of Tunisian political and economic independence after a republic was proclaimed in 1957.

G. N. UTKIN

References in periodicals archive ?
The spokeswoman for the Tunisian presidency dismissed any notion of a "diplomatic crisis" between the two countries, expressing Tunisia's "understanding" of a decision made by the UAE's government to "protect its territory and its airlines.
This is "a State banditry, an assault against all Tunisian women and men and an offence against their dignity," reads a press release.
This is the first participation of Tunisia in the fair, after that of 2003, announcing the return of Tunisian companies and products in the Iraqi market, which remains the largest market in the Middle East region and the world in general.
Defence Secretary Michael Fallon said: With Daesh terrorists determined to target innocent civilians wherever they can, this training will help Tunisian forces to increase their border security.
For his part, Head of Tunisian delegation, Editor-in-Chief of al-Sahafa Newspaper Ziad al-Hani said the Tunisian youths who joined the terrorist organizations in Syria were the victims of misleading practiced by recruiting networks.
In most tunisian regions women's costumes are largely varied and highly refined.
The ANC has continued to extend its tenure, with many Tunisians viewing Ennahda as monopolising power.
The minister did not have the number of Tunisian women who have become pregnant after their sexual jihad in Syria, but he said the Tunisian government had stopped 6,000 female citizens from going to Syria to engage in sexual jihad by placing tougher border controls.
It was not the case for other Tunisians as a peaceful protest was staged by families of the martyrs, the wounded and victims of the Tunisian Revolution.
Summary: The Tunisian ambassador to Syria, Mohamed Lawiti, as well as the rest of the ambassadorial staff in Syria, will return to Tunisia on Friday morning, February 10th.
The The UAE-Tunisian Partnership Meeting enabled the UAE delegation to view proposals by Tunisians as well as the relevant investment laws.
A statement released by the ministers of the Iranian parliament declared their support for the Tunisian people and said that "the cry of freedom released by the Tunisian people ended a phase of tyranny and oppression and put a smile across the face of the oppressed Tunisian people," Al HAYAT reported.