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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a nation (natsiia; “nation” in the historical sense) and the basic population of Tunisia. The Tunisians number about 5.5 million (1975, estimate). Almost all Tunisians speak the eastern Maghribi, or Tunisian, dialect of Arabic. Fewer than 1 percent, who live on the island of Djerba and in the southern mountainous regions, speak a local dialect of Berber. Religious Tunisians are predominantly Sunni Muslims of the Malikite school. The majority of the Tunisians are engaged in agriculture; the inhabitants of the interior steppe regions are seminomadic herdsmen.

The Tunisians represent a mixture of the ancient indigenous inhabitants of the country, the Berbers, with Arabs who appeared in northwest Africa, beginning in the seventh century, during the formation of the Tunisian state. The consolidation of the Tunisians into a nation was furthered by the national liberation struggle against French colonial domination from 1881 to 1956 and by the strengthening of Tunisian political and economic independence after a republic was proclaimed in 1957.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tunisians abroad represent 12% of the total population, about 1 million 300 thousand, the majority of whom are in France.
Tunisians' perceptions of the current state of their local economy in 2017 hit a record low for Gallup's eight-year trend, with 15% saying it was getting better and half (50%) saying it was getting worse.
The spokeswoman for the Tunisian presidency dismissed any notion of a "diplomatic crisis" between the two countries, expressing Tunisia's "understanding" of a decision made by the UAE's government to "protect its territory and its airlines."
This is the first participation of Tunisia in the fair, after that of 2003, announcing the return of Tunisian companies and products in the Iraqi market, which remains the largest market in the Middle East region and the world in general.
For his part, Head of Tunisian delegation, Editor-in-Chief of al-Sahafa Newspaper Ziad al-Hani said the Tunisian youths who joined the terrorist organizations in Syria were the victims of misleading practiced by recruiting networks.
Just as Egyptians were upset that the ruling Freedom and Justice Party (Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood party) had monopolised power, Tunisians say that they too are concerned that Ennahda is dominating the government.
The minister did not have the number of Tunisian women who have become pregnant after their sexual jihad in Syria, but he said the Tunisian government had stopped 6,000 female citizens from going to Syria to engage in sexual jihad by placing tougher border controls.
For their part, opposition parties such as Popular Front (a coalition of Tunisian leftist parties, Communists and independents), P'le D'mocratique Moderniste (secular party) as well as UGTT (Tunisian Trade Union) marched through Avenue Bourguiba and criticised the government for its slowness in responding to people's demands for more justice by bringing those responsible in the killing of Tunisians to justice.
Summary: The Tunisian ambassador to Syria, Mohamed Lawiti, as well as the rest of the ambassadorial staff in Syria, will return to Tunisia on Friday morning, February 10th.
"The The UAE-Tunisian Partnership Meeting enabled the UAE delegation to view proposals by Tunisians as well as the relevant investment laws."
A statement released by the ministers of the Iranian parliament declared their support for the Tunisian people and said that "the cry of freedom released by the Tunisian people ended a phase of tyranny and oppression and put a smile across the face of the oppressed Tunisian people," Al HAYAT reported.