Tunja


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Tunja

(to͞on`hä), city (1993 pop. 101,622), capital of Boyacá dept., central Colombia, on the Pan-American Highway. It is a commercial center and distribution point for the products of the region (coal, gold, emeralds, mineral water, and agricultural products) and for the cattle of the eastern llanos. Tunja was founded in 1539. It declared its independence from Spain in 1811 and shortly thereafter served as Simón BolívarBolívar, Simón
, 1783–1830, South American revolutionary who led independence wars in the present nations of Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.
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's staging point for the victory at BoyacáBoyacá
, town, Boyacá dept., N central Colombia, near Tunja. At Boyacá on Aug. 7, 1819, revolutionary forces under Simón Bolívar won the decisive engagement that assured the independence of present-day Colombia and Venezuela from Spain.
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. The city retains many colonial buildings. It has a university.

Tunja

 

a city in Colombia, on the Pan-American Highway; capital of Boyacá Department. Population, 77,000 (1971). Tunja has a railroad station and enterprises of the textile industry. Emeralds and hard coal are mined in the vicinity.

The city, founded in 1539, has retained its rectangular layout and appearance from the colonial period. Architectural monuments include a Renaissance cathedral (1569–1600, architects P. de Sosa and B. Carrion), the monastery of Santo Domingo (1551, now with a museum of religious art), and the Chapel of Nuestra Señora del Rosario, which is decorated with rich carved ornamentation. There are also numerous 16th- and 17th-century houses with galleries in the inner courtyards, carved and paneled ceilings, and portals in the plateresque and Herreran styles.

REFERENCES

Salamanca Aguilera, R. Guia histórica ilustrada de Tunja. Bogotá [1939].
References in periodicals archive ?
The informant, codenamed 'Cimelody-3', told the US intelligence chief for Venezuela that he was in contact with a former SS agent, Philip Citroen, who met a man claiming to be Adolf Hitler in Tunja, Colombia.
An informant whose code name was Cimelody-3, has told the CIA that Hitler was alive and that an ex-SS agent named Phillip Citroen had been in touch with him in Colombia, the city of Tunja, World News reported.
Also, it presents national studies coming from cities such as Bogota-Catholic University of Colombia-, Tunja -Universidad de Boyacaand Pasto -Universidad de Narino-.
45am BRAZILIAN league leaders Corinthians produced a defensive masterclass to shut out title rivals Gremio on Sunday and they travel to Tunja in high spirits for their Copa Sudamericana clash with Colombian outfit Patriotas Boyaca, writes Aaron Ashley.
Gatluak called on humanitarian organizations to assist the displaced populations in Kodak (Northern Upper Nile), Kaka (Jonglei state) and in Tunja.
La Gobernacion de Boyaca en su pagina de internet dispone un directorio de las entidades cuya actividad economica corresponde al sector agroindustrial (Gobernacion de Boyaca, 2014), donde se relacionan un total de 160 entidades de las cuales 18 se encuentran en la ciudad de Tunja, 13 en Duitama, 8 en Sogamoso, 6 en Paipa y en menor cuantia ubicadas en ciudades como Tibasosa, Nobsa, Puntalarga, Santana, Ventaquemada, Firavitoba, Sachica, Samaca, Villa de Leyva, Moniquira, Ramiriqui, Guateque, San Jose de Pare, Viracacha, Briceno, Toca, Tuta, entre otras.
En el texto se recogen algunas de las mejores presentaciones del IV Encuentro Colombo-Venezolano de Geografia realizado en noviembre de 2014 en la ciudad de Tunja bajo el eslogan <<Colombia y Venezuela: una geografia para la convivencia>>, evento que conto con el acompanamiento de la Asociacion Colombiana de Geografos (ACOGE), teniendo como epicentro la sede principal de la Universidad Pedagogica y Tecnologica de Colombia (UPTC), entidad pionera en la formacion geografica en el pais.
Teniendo en cuenta los anteriores hallazgos, con el presente estudio pretendemos describir y analizar la asociacion entre ideacion suicida, funcionalidad familiar y consumo de alcohol en adolescentes de colegios publicos de la ciudad de Tunja.
Bellon, docente en la Escuela de Ingenieria Electronica, de la Universidad Pedagogica y Tecnologica de Colombia UPTC, Tunja (Colombia); email: oscar.
Title: Characterization of Pregnant Women in the Social Enterprise State Santiago de Tunja, First Half of 2013
Daniel Vega contextualiza de manera espacial y territorial a la provincia de Tunja a mediados del siglo XIX.