Tupac Amaru II

Túpac Amaru II
BirthplaceSurimana-Canas, Cuzco, Viceroyalty of Peru
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tupac Amaru II


(real name José Gabriel Condorcanqui). Born circa 1740; died 1781. Leader of a Peruvian Indian rebellion against the oppression of the Spanish colonizers and local Creole landowners.

The rebellion led by Tupac Amaru II began in November 1780 in the village of Tungasuca, in the province of Tinta. It soon spread throughout the country, rallying the people to the cause of independence and the restoration of the Inca state. The rebel army, which grew to 60,000, defeated the Spanish on several occasions, inflicting a particularly severe blow at Sangarara, near Cuzco. The Spanish struck back near Checacupe in April 1781. Tupac Amaru II was captured and executed along with the other leaders of the rebellion. The rebellion continued until 1783 and had a significant influence on the liberation movement in the Spanish colonies.


Lewin, B. La rebelión de Tupac Amaru y los orígenes de la emancipación americana, vols. 1–2. Havana [1973].
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Walker sees his study as enriching the extant scholarship by devoting more attention than other historians to Tupac Amaru's spouse, Micaela Bastidas, analyzing the role of the Church more carefully, ascribing much more importance to developments after Jose Gabriel Condorcanqui Tupac Amaru II's brutal execution in May of 1781, and giving "the reader a feel for the lived experience of the uprising" (p.
La gran rebelion de Tupac Amaru II no seria, segun nuestra autora, el resultado del descontento generalizado del sector indigena.
En algunos pasquines radicales del Rio de la Plata tambien se hace notable el descontento, afirmando la presencia de Tupac Amaru II como "rey justiciero", cuestionando al monarca espanol como a los alcaldes y corregidores de la Audiencia de la Plata.
1600-1800 University and hospitals in Peru, Virgin of Guadalupe 1649, Filotea de la Cruz and Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz 1691, Gracilazo de la Vega and other mestizo and Indian voices, Virgen of Copacabana 1613, Reducciones of the Jesuits in Paraguay 1697 and 1771, Franciscans in California, Alonso de Sandoval on slavery, colonial Protestantism, Tupac Amaru II in Peru 1780.