Tupac Amaru II

Túpac Amaru II
Birthday
BirthplaceSurimana-Canas, Cuzco, Viceroyalty of Peru
Died

Tupac Amaru II

 

(real name José Gabriel Condorcanqui). Born circa 1740; died 1781. Leader of a Peruvian Indian rebellion against the oppression of the Spanish colonizers and local Creole landowners.

The rebellion led by Tupac Amaru II began in November 1780 in the village of Tungasuca, in the province of Tinta. It soon spread throughout the country, rallying the people to the cause of independence and the restoration of the Inca state. The rebel army, which grew to 60,000, defeated the Spanish on several occasions, inflicting a particularly severe blow at Sangarara, near Cuzco. The Spanish struck back near Checacupe in April 1781. Tupac Amaru II was captured and executed along with the other leaders of the rebellion. The rebellion continued until 1783 and had a significant influence on the liberation movement in the Spanish colonies.

REFERENCE

Lewin, B. La rebelión de Tupac Amaru y los orígenes de la emancipación americana, vols. 1–2. Havana [1973].
References in periodicals archive ?
La gran rebelion de Tupac Amaru II no seria, segun nuestra autora, el resultado del descontento generalizado del sector indigena.
La historia registra que Cusco fue hasta el siglo XVIII la ciudad mas poblada de Peru, pero muchos espanoles la abandonaron tras la gran rebelion de Jose Gabriel Condorcanqui, Tupac Amaru II, barbaramente ejecutado en lo que hoy es la Plaza Mayor de la ciudad, al igual que sus familiares y lugartenientes.
In addition, as Lienhard observes, many saw the historical Tupac Amaru II asa syncretically prophesized Inca messiah ("Argedas" 123).
The treatment given in this review to the literature on the Tomas Katari, Tupac Amaru II, and the Tupac Katari revolts of Peru and Alto Peru, unfolds following a chronological (here chronology refers to scholarship published during the second half of the twentieth century) and thematic approach.
2) El 18 de mayo de 1781, en la Plaza de Armas del Cusco, Tupac Amaru II fue obligado, tal y como senalaba la sentencia, a presenciar la ejecucion de toda su familia.
1600-1800 University and hospitals in Peru, Virgin of Guadalupe 1649, Filotea de la Cruz and Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz 1691, Gracilazo de la Vega and other mestizo and Indian voices, Virgen of Copacabana 1613, Reducciones of the Jesuits in Paraguay 1697 and 1771, Franciscans in California, Alonso de Sandoval on slavery, colonial Protestantism, Tupac Amaru II in Peru 1780.
La rebelion de Tupac Amaru II puede ser vista desde la historia como un hecho eje y decisivo de la historia peruana; desde la sociologia, esta rebelion posiblemente sea la expresion socio cultural de una cultura dominada y que buscaba ser extinguida por el amo colonial.
Fue el fundamento de la teoria politica de Independencia de Tupac Amaru II (1780), basta recoger lo que afirmo el obispo Moscoso en el juicio que se siguio a Tupac Amaru: <<leia diariamente al historiador Garcilaso>>.
The story within Peru centres around Tupac Amaru II who claimed he was the descendant of the Inca emperor executed in the 1570s.
En el Peru, ademas de Caceres, la figura del lider indigena Tupac Amaru II (1738-1781), fue empleado por grupos politicos y por el Estado en diversos momentos.
After a short introduction, the author discusses in the next chapter the Tupac Amaru II rebellion as protonationalistic in nature.
Without leaving the Andes, let us flash forward some 220 years, to two documents arising from the great Andean indigenous rebellion of 1780-82 led in Peru by Jose Gabriel Condorcanqui, who renamed himself Tupac Amaru II, and Micaela Bastidas.