Tupamaros


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Tupamaros

(to͞opämä`rōs), urban guerrilla organization and political party in Uruguay, also known as the National Liberation Army. Named for the IncaInca
, pre-Columbian empire, W South America. The name Inca may specifically refer to the emperor, but is generally used to mean the empire or the people. Extent and Organization of the Empire
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 revolutionist Tupac AmaruTupac Amaru
, 1742?–1781, leader of indigenous peoples in the viceroyalty of Peru, baptized José Gabriel Condorcanqui. A man of some education and of high moral character, he sympathized with the plight of the native people of Peru and sought to alleviate their
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, it became active as a guerrilla force in the early 1960s, distributing stolen food and money among the poor in Montevideo. By the late 1960s, it was engaged in urban terrorism, political kidnappings, and murder. The military unleashed a bloody campaign of mass arrests and selected disappearances in the early 1970s, virtually defeating the guerrillas. Despite the diminished threat, the civilian government of Juan María Bordaberry ArocenaBordaberry Arocena, Juan María,
1928–2011, Uruguayan politician. Born into a wealthy and politically conservative family, he was elected (1962) senator as a member of the National party.
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 ceded government authority to the military (1973), a bloodless coup which led to further repression against the population. Democracy was restored in 1985, and the Tupamaros were reorganized as a legal political party. Becoming part of the Broad Front leftist coalition, they helped it win power in 2004. In 2009, José "Pepe" Mujica, a former Tupamaros guerrilla, was the Broad Front candidate for president of Uruguay and won the election.
References in periodicals archive ?
El abogado Carlos Real de Azua definio alguna vez a los tupamaros como "politicos con armas".
En la banda visual el montaje, recurso privilegiado, vincula planos de las fuerzas de seguridad uruguayas y los ejercitos norteamericanos, del mismo modo que es asociado el rostro de Liber Arce con el de los caidos tupamaros en la toma de Pando.
I remember that those of us in other parts of Latin America saw the Tupamaros as pretty advanced in terms of women's participation and decision-making.
The world's most humble ex-president had also spent around 14 years in jail having been involved in the Uruguayan guerilla group Tupamaros.
Quienes son los Che Guevaras o tupamaros de la postmodernidad globalizada, o se hace innecesaria una vanguardia heroica dentro de aquella?
El implante de "topos" y soplones en las secciones territoriales y conspirativas del MIR por la contrainteligencia nacional y extranjera tuvo el mismo efecto mortecino que entre Tupamaros, Montoneros, "rodriguistas" y muchas otras formaciones armadas.
O golpe civico-militar no Uruguai (pais que tem poucos golpes em sua historia), ocorrido em junho de 1973, foi pauta no alto escalao do governo brasileiro, devido, entre outras razoes, ao sequestro do Consul brasileiro em Montevideo, Aloysio Gomide, em julho de 1970 pelos Tupamaros (Vizentini, 1998, 374).
Un ano despues, los militares se aduenaron del poder y Mujica formo parte del grupo de 9 rehenes tupamaros que tuvieron en condiciones infrahumanas de tortura y aislamiento.
In the 1960s, when Rosencof was already a well-known playwright in Uruguay, he started to engage in political activities: he founded the Communist Youth and later became a member of the National Liberation Movement, also called the Tupamaros.
17) Clara Aldrighi, La izquierda armada: ideologia, etica e identidad en elMLN-Tupamaros (Montevideo: Trilce, 2001); Alfonso Lessa, La revolucion imposible: los tupamaros y el fracaso de la via armada en el Uruguay del siglo XX (Montevideo: Fin de Siglo, 2002).
In order to emphasize their own struggles against modern forms of imperial repression, the Tupamaros took their name from Tupac Amaru, the last Incan leader to fight against Spanish imperialista.