"Erdogan is not our enemy, but he worries us," said Turfan
. "I love Islam, but I don't like how it is being used right now.
To summarize, the framing proposed by Muldoon-Hules may successfully explain (a) the summary format of a Sanskrit fragment in the Turfan
collection which allows for direct comparison with the Nepalese recension (SHT 1318a); (b) possibly, the agreement of Sanskrit fragment SHT 1186 with peculiarities attested exclusively in materials of Central Asian circulation; (c) the absence or truncation of the formulaic passages in the received Chinese text (T 200); and (d) the apparent presence of certain typologies of alterations and omissions in the received Chinese text (T 200).
, on the eastern edge of the desert, also had its famous visitor: the Chinese monk Xuanzang, who stopped there on the way from China to India.
(15.) Hansen, Valerie (2005), "The Impact of the Silk Road Trade on a Local Community: The Turfan
Oasis, 500-800," in Etienne de la Vaissiere and Eric Trombert (eds.), Les Sogdiens en Chine.
These materials, written on paper, silk, leather and wood, survive only in dry locales, places like Niya, Loulan, Kucha, Turfan
and Khotan in Xinjiang; Samarkand in Uzbekistan; Chang'an, Dunhuang in Gansu province; and Chang'an, the capital during the Former Han dynasty (206 BC-9 AD) and the Tang (618-907).
Some key sources cited for "late antique" Manichaeism (e.g., Theodore bar Koni, al-Nadim, possibly even the Cologne Mani Codex) are actually contemporary with the Iranian texts from Turfan
and Chinese texts from Dunhuang, most of which are eighth- to tenth-century copies or translations of late antique works from Mesopotamia and Iran.
Historical cultural centers in contemporary East Turkistan like Kashgar and Turfan
have had ties with other towns along the Silk Route, such as Bukhara and Samarqand.
(1978), The Turfan
Fragments (1980), Patterns in a Chromatic Field [also known as Untitled Composition for Cello and Piano] (1981), Crippled Symmetry (1983), and Coptic Light (1985).
Later, General Kosaner called on President Zardari along with Major General Orhan Turfan
, Head of Gen Plans and Policies, Turkish Ambassador Babur Hizian and other officials.
Later, General Sebahattin Isik Kosaner called on President Asif Ali Zardari along with Major General Orhan Turfan
, Head of Gen Plans & Policies, Turkish Ambassador Mr.
(6.) Sen N, Poyraz F Tavil Y, Yazici HU, Turfan
M, Hizal F, et al.