Turfan


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Related to Turfan: Turpan Depression

Turfan:

see TurpanTurpan
or Turfan
, town and oasis (1994 est. pop. 64,300), in the Turpan depression (c.5,000 sq mi/12,950 sq km), E Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. It is an agricultural center producing cotton and cotton textiles, silk, wheat, grapes, dried fruit, and wine;
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, China.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Turfan

 

a city in Northwest China, in the Sinkiang-Uighur Autonomous Region, on the northern edge of the Turfan Depression. The center of a farming region. Population of Turfan and the associated county, 120,000 (1971). Turfan is a transportation center on the Kansu-Sinkiang highway. Petroleum is extracted and refined in the area. The city has a plant that manufactures agricultural equipment, a cement plant, a saltworks, and food-processing plants.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Erdogan is not our enemy, but he worries us," said Turfan. "I love Islam, but I don't like how it is being used right now.
To summarize, the framing proposed by Muldoon-Hules may successfully explain (a) the summary format of a Sanskrit fragment in the Turfan collection which allows for direct comparison with the Nepalese recension (SHT 1318a); (b) possibly, the agreement of Sanskrit fragment SHT 1186 with peculiarities attested exclusively in materials of Central Asian circulation; (c) the absence or truncation of the formulaic passages in the received Chinese text (T 200); and (d) the apparent presence of certain typologies of alterations and omissions in the received Chinese text (T 200).
Turfan, on the eastern edge of the desert, also had its famous visitor: the Chinese monk Xuanzang, who stopped there on the way from China to India.
(15.) Hansen, Valerie (2005), "The Impact of the Silk Road Trade on a Local Community: The Turfan Oasis, 500-800," in Etienne de la Vaissiere and Eric Trombert (eds.), Les Sogdiens en Chine.
These materials, written on paper, silk, leather and wood, survive only in dry locales, places like Niya, Loulan, Kucha, Turfan and Khotan in Xinjiang; Samarkand in Uzbekistan; Chang'an, Dunhuang in Gansu province; and Chang'an, the capital during the Former Han dynasty (206 BC-9 AD) and the Tang (618-907).
Some key sources cited for "late antique" Manichaeism (e.g., Theodore bar Koni, al-Nadim, possibly even the Cologne Mani Codex) are actually contemporary with the Iranian texts from Turfan and Chinese texts from Dunhuang, most of which are eighth- to tenth-century copies or translations of late antique works from Mesopotamia and Iran.
Historical cultural centers in contemporary East Turkistan like Kashgar and Turfan have had ties with other towns along the Silk Route, such as Bukhara and Samarqand.
(1978), The Turfan Fragments (1980), Patterns in a Chromatic Field [also known as Untitled Composition for Cello and Piano] (1981), Crippled Symmetry (1983), and Coptic Light (1985).
Later, General Kosaner called on President Zardari along with Major General Orhan Turfan, Head of Gen Plans and Policies, Turkish Ambassador Babur Hizian and other officials.
Later, General Sebahattin Isik Kosaner called on President Asif Ali Zardari along with Major General Orhan Turfan, Head of Gen Plans & Policies, Turkish Ambassador Mr.