Turnus


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Turnus

(tûr`nəs), in Roman legend, king of the Rutulians. In the Aeneid he is a spirited warrior. When his betrothed, Lavinia, daughter of King Latinus, was given to the Trojan Aeneas by her father, Turnus led a combined force of Latins and Rutulians against the Trojans. After several bloody battles, Turnus was killed by Aeneas.
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Due to its nature as a--to some extent--idealized "Gegenentwurf " to the brutal reality of medieval warfare (Bumke 9-12), a courtly text such as the Eneasroman is able to impose the law on its characters by way of its God: God reveals, in the cases of Turnus and Eneas and many others, what the law is and what is just.
By separating the inseparable friends with the figure of Turnus, Dante wants to indicate, symbolically, not only that Virgil and Augustus no longer hold power--poetically and politically--but also that evil has not been exorcised and that "poetic" justice still remains to be done.
Readers will recall that in the Aeneid, Aeneas fights and then kills the surrendered Turnus.
Si lon assimile au contraire les Dirae aux Furies, peuvent-elles d'un cote, sommees par Jupiter, empecher Turnus de combattre degal a egal, dans la loyaute, puis refaire surface dans le camp adverse pour inciter Enee, pourtant vainqueur, a ecouter ses pulsions violentes et pourfendre le suppliant a ses pieds (1)?
In Turnus, all passions--his erotic passion for Lavinia and his warrior passion alike--merge into a kind of indistinct, undiscriminating violence:
Der mit 10 000 Euro dotierte Preis wird in zweijahrigem Turnus Schriftstellern verliehen, die dem alemannischen Sprachraum oder dem Dichter Hebel verbunden sind.
Hippomedon reenacts many of the deeds of Achilles, Turnus and even Capaneus in the Thebaid, and can be seen as a negative exemplum of impietas.
In the second chapter of Tiferet Yisrael, the Maharal illustrates this mandate by relating a conversation in Midrash Tanhuma, Parashat Tazria, Chapter 5, between Rabbi Akiva and Turnus Rufus, the Roman governor of Judea.
Over the years Aeneas's slaying of Turnus at the end of the epic has been met with opposing interpretations.
For Lewis to relate Davidman to Penthesileia (her name means "mourned by the people"), the Queen of Amazons who led her troops in support of Priam during the battle of Troy, and Camilla, who in the Aeneid aids her ally King Turnus against Aeneas and the Trojans, suggests not only his deep love for her but also his admiration of her invincible spirit and courage as she battled the cancer that eventually took her life.
While Baskins analyzes Camilla's role primarily in terms of exogamy in Quattrocento Italy, I am interested in elucidating the social, political, and religious implications of her close association with Turnus, the Latin king whom Aeneas must defeat before he can assume his destined role as founder of Rome.