Turpan


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Turpan

(to͝or`pän`) or

Turfan

(to͝or`fän`), town and oasis (1994 est. pop. 64,300), in the Turpan depression (c.5,000 sq mi/12,950 sq km), E Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. It is an agricultural center producing cotton and cotton textiles, silk, wheat, grapes, dried fruit, and wine; crop irrigation depends on modern wells and an ancient network of underground tunnels (karez) that bring water to wellshafts in the surrounding area, mainly from the edge of the Tian Shan. Oil is produced in the area. Turpan is the chief town of the Turpan depression, the lowest point (505 ft/154 m below sea level) in China.

The depression was the center (A.D. 200–400) of a flourishing civilization in which Indian and Persian elements were combined. This civilization was later absorbed by the Uigurs, who had their capital at nearby Gaochang (9th–13th cent.). Also nearby are the ruins of the ancient city of Jiaohe and the Bezeklik cave temples. Archaeological finds made in the early 20th cent. include much Nestorian literature and the bulk of the extant Manichaean literature.

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As part of his programme, Nakao visited Turpan to see one part of the recently completed Xinjiang Urban Transport and Environmental Improvement Project in the city and met with the beneficiaries of the grant-financed Turpan Women's Ethnic Minority Cultural Tourism Development Project, which was implemented in conjunction with the Xinjiang Urban Transport and Environment Improvement Project.
Nakao visited Turpan to see one part of the recently completed Xinjiang Urban Transport and Environmental Improvement Project in the city and met with the beneficiaries of the grant-financed Turpan Womens Ethnic Minority Cultural Tourism Development Project, which was implemented in conjunction with the Xinjiang Urban Transport and Environment Improvement Project.
The document, valid only for travel to Turkey, lists the baby's place of birth as Turpan, a city in China's western Xinjiang region.
As we forge eastwards on the Silk Route we also stop by another ancient city, Turpan, which comes after we cross quite a big spur of the Tien Shan range.
The courts in seven cities and prefectures of Xinjiang, including Urumqi, Aksu, Kizilsu Kirgiz, Ili, Hotan, Turpan and Bortala, handed down verdicts in 11 cases on Thursday.
The commercial bureau for Turpan, an oasis town in the Taklamakan Desert, said in a statement that civil servants are "strictly forbidden" to fast or perform the Salat prayer ritual in a mosque.
The commercial bureau for Turpan, an oasis town in the Taklamakan Desert, said in a statement that civil servants are ''strictly forbidden'' to fast or perform the Salat prayer ritual in a mosque.
The development of each phase is subject to conditions, including approvals from the local government authority of Turpan Prefecture and State Grid.
International Resource News-December 31, 2013--Trina Solar signs investment framework agreement with Turpan Prefecture local government authority
Another incident in June in the Turpan area left 35 people dead, and 139 people have been arrested in recent months for spreading jihadist ideology.
Reuters reporters in Xinjiang were turned back by police at a roadblock outside Lukqun town, and sent back to the nearby city of Turpan.