Tusk, Donald

Tusk, Donald

(to͞osk), 1957–, Polish political leader, prime minister of Poland (2007–14), b. Gdańsk. After studying history at Gdańsk Univ., he became active in the SolidaritySolidarity,
Polish independent trade union federation formed in Sept., 1980. Led by Lech Wałęsa, it grew rapidly in size and political power and soon posed a threat to Poland's Communist government by its sponsorship of labor strikes and other forms of public protest.
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 movement in the 1980s. He co-founded a party (the Liberal Democratic Congress) that emerged from Solidarity, which later merged into the Freedom Union, of which he became deputy chairman. In 2001 he co-founded the Civic Platform party, and after the 2001 elections Tusk became (2001–5) deputy speaker of the Polish parliament. In 2005 his party lost in the parliamentary elections to the Law and Justice party headed by Jarosław Kaczyński, and he was defeated in a bid for the presidency by Lech KaczyńskiKaczyński, Lech Aleksander
, 1949–2010, Polish politician, grad. Warsaw Univ. (1971), Gdańsk Univ. (Ph.D., 1979). He and his identical twin, Jarosław Aleksander Kaczyński , 1949–, Ph.D. Warsaw Univ.
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. An advocate of free-market policies, Tusk led the Civic Platform to victory in the 2007 parliamentary elections and became prime minister of a coalition government; the party was returned to power in 2011. In 2014 he resigned as prime minister after he was chosen to succeed Herman Van RompuyVan Rompuy, Herman Achille,
1947–, Belgian statesman, b. Etterbeek. A Flemish Christian Democrat, he was president of the party from 1988 to 1993 and was a member of Belgium's parliament, serving in the senate (1988–95) and chamber of representatives
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 as president of the EU's European Council; despite objections by Poland's Law and Justice government, he was appointed to a second term in 2017.