Tussilago


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tussilago

 

a genus of perennial herbaceous plants of the family Compositae. There is only one species, coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara). The stems are 5-25 cm in length, tomentose, and densely covered with scalelike leaves. The rhizomes are creeping. The flower heads are solitary and droop after flowering. The golden yellow flowers blossom in early spring before the green leaves appear. The outside flowers are ligulate and pistillate; those in the middle are tubular and bisexual (but produce no fruit). The radical leaves, which appear after flowering, are orbicular-cordate, angular, irregularly toothed, and thick; the leaves are white-felted (as is the top initially). To the touch, the leaves are warm beneath and bare and cold above. The seeds have pappi.

Coltsfoot grows in the temperate regions of Eurasia (to Eastern Siberia and the Himalayas), in North Africa, and in North America (where it has been imported). It is found primarily on loamy slopes and hills, in ravines, river canyons, and wastelands, and along embankments. Coltsfoot also grows as a weed in fields. The plant contains a mucilaginous substance, the glycoside tussilagine, and inulin. An extract from the leaves is used as an expectorant and is used to treat ailments of the respiratory tract. The leaves are used in pectoral and diaphoretic compounds. Coltsfoot is an early producer of nectar.

T. V. EGOROVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Lee, "The anti-inflammatory effect of tussilagone, from Tussilago farfara, is mediated by the induction of heme oxygenase-1 in murine macrophages," International Immunopharmacology, vol.
Metabolic profiling of the flower bud and rachis of Tussilago farfara with antitussive and expectorant effects on mice.
Tussilago farfara, Lobelia inflate and Prunus serrotina)
However, in extreme cases in GMNP, persistent invasive plants, including coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara) and Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense), as well as native grasses (e.g., Calamagrostis canadensis), become widespread problems as a result of moose browsing and trampling in disturbed areas (Rose and Hermanutz 2004).
TYPE: Leria nutans (L.) DC., based on Tussilago nutans L.
Australian herbalist Robert McDowell's favorite treatment for tracheobronchitis is a blend of rosehips, garlic (Allium sativum), fenugreek (Trigonella fornum), marshmallow, elecampane, coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara), kelp (Laminaria digitata), yarrow (Achillea millefolium), and mullein (Verbascum thapsus), which he makes in a base of apple cider vinegar.
In more recent times, this has been confirmed and the plant is indeed used in herbal remedies for chest conditions, alongside other plants such as Coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara).
I found myself in the Swiss Italian Alps feeling very much at home, with Bellis perennis, vervain (Verbena vervain), coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara), horsetail (Equisetum arvens) and many more medicinal weeds and herbs growing wild everywhere off the cobbled paths.
A popular European cough remedy, Coltsfoot's (Tussilago farfara) yellow flowers are the first blossoms to appear in the Northeast in spring.
In der estnischen Schriftsprache, im nordestnischen und im Mulgi-Dialekt ist paiseleht eine ganz andere Pflanze, namlich der 'Huflattich (Tussilago farfara)'.