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(to͞ot'ängkä`mən, –ĕngk–), fl. c.1350 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XVIII dynasty. He was the son-in-law of IkhnatonIkhnaton
or Akhenaton
[Egyptian,=Aton is satisfied], d. c.1354 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (c.1372–1354 B.C.), of the XVIII dynasty; son and successor of Amenhotep III. His name at his accession was Amenhotep IV, but he changed it to honor the god Aton.
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 and succeeded to the throne after a brief reign by Ikhnaton's successor. Under Ikhnaton the god Amon had been replaced by Aton, and the reaction in favor of Aton ended under Tutankhamen; thus, the king who had been known as Tutankhaton, changed his name. He also abandoned Ikhnaton's new capital, Akhetaton (Tell el AmarnaTell el Amarna
or Tel el Amarna
, ancient locality, Egypt, near the Nile and c.60 mi (100 km) N of Asyut. Ikhnaton's capital, Akhetaton, was in Tell el Amarna. About 400 tablets with inscriptions in Akkadian cuneiform were found there in 1887.
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), to return to ThebesThebes
, city of ancient Egypt. Luxor and Karnak now occupy parts of its site. The city developed at a very early date from a number of small villages, particularly one around modern Luxor (then called Epet), but remained relatively obscure until the rise of the Theban family
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, sacred to Amon; he restored the name of Amon, deleted from the monuments by Ikhnaton. The chief officer of state, HoremhebHoremheb
or Harmhab
, d. c.1303 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (c.1342 B.C.–c.1303 B.C.), founder of the XIX dynasty. A powerful noble under Ikhnaton, he seems to have been an army commander under the successors of that ruler, most notably under Tutankhamen.
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, controlled affairs, successfully stemming the tide of dissolution that had threatened to engulf the kingdom under Ikhnaton. The tomb of Tutankhamen was found (1922) almost intact by Howard CarterCarter, Howard,
1874–1939, English Egyptologist. He served (1891–99) with the Egyptian Exploration Fund and later helped to reorganize the antiquities administration for the Egyptian government.
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 and the earl of CarnarvonCarnarvon, George Edward Stanhope Molyneux Herbert, 5th earl of
, 1866–1923, English Egyptologist. With Howard Carter he excavated in the Valley of the Kings in Luxor, Egypt, from 1906 to 1922.
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 in the Valley of the Kings near Luxor. Its great wealth of objects afforded a new store of knowledge on Egyptian sculpture and life of the XVIII dynasty. The contents of the tomb, including the mummy and the gold sarcophagus, are now in Cairo.


See studies by H. Carter and A. C. Mace (3 vol., 1923–33; abr. ed. 1972); C. Desroches-Noblecourt (tr., abr. ed. 1965); M. Carter (1972); B. Wynne (1973); E. L. Jones (1978); B. Brier, The Murder of Tutankhamen (1998).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(literally “Living Image of Amen” [Amon]; throne name Nebkheperure), Egyptian pharaoh of the New Kingdom (18th Dynasty); ruled from circa 1400 to circa 1392 B.C.

Tutankhamen, the son-in-law of Amenhotep IV (Akhenaton) and possibly his son or younger brother, came to the throne at the age of 12 under the name Tutankhaton (“Living Image of Aton”) and died before the age of 20. The power was actually in the hands of the vizier Ay and other nobles. Under Tutankhamen, the religious reforms of Akhenaton were abolished and the worship of the god Amen was restored. Tutankhamen himself gave up the name Tutankhaton and moved the pharaoh’s residence from Akhetaton back to Thebes.

Tutankhamen’s tomb was discovered in 1922. The only nearly intact tomb of a pharaoh, it contained magnificent art treasures.


Carter, H. Grobnitsa Tutankhamona. Moscow, 1959. (Translated from English.)
Katsnel’son, I. S. Tutankhamon i sokrovishcha ego grobnitsy. Moscow, 1976.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, Tutankhamun
king (1361--1352 bc) of the 18th dynasty of Egypt. His tomb near Luxor, discovered in 1922, contained many material objects
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
A 3,000-year-old bust of Egypt's boy king Tutankhamen was auctioned off Thursday in London for nearly $6 million, despite claims by the Egyptian government that it was looted and smuggled out of the country.
Incidentally, the greatest excavation in the Valley of the King was the tomb of Tutankhamen. Even Tutankhamen's chariot and throne were intact in his tomb.
However, these were proposed dates for a partial opening of the museum, mainly presenting the galleries of Tutankhamen.
His tomb, in the Valley of the Kings in Luxor, was found in 1922, and in 2015, Nicholas Reeves, a British Egyptologist, suggested that there was a secret chamber within the room where Tutankhamen's sarcophagus was kept, a chamber where Queen Nefertiti could be buried.
A Nile odyssey taking in the Pyramids, Tutankhamen's gold mask at the Cairo Museum and the temple complex at Karnak in Luxor ?
The most famous sarcophagus, which inspired the students for their own drawings of sarcophagi, was the one made for the boy-king Tutankhamen (King Tut).
More than 3,000 Egyptian laborers are working in shifts, 24 hours a day, ahead of a planned partial opening late next year, showcasing the mummy of King Tutankhamen and the treasures of his tomb.
Thanks to new technology, a team of international scientists determined that the iron used to make the blade of a dagger buried with Egyptian King Tutankhamen more than 3,000 years ago probably originated in space.
It was the tomb of King Tutankhamen (King Tut), the boy pharaoh of Egypt.
All the archaeological icons of the 20th century are here, as we read about Tutankhamen and the Chinese terracotta warriors and even, in fun, about Indiana Jones.
Ancient statue of King Amenhotep III's daughter unearthed in Egypt A statue of the daughter of King Amenhotep III, grandfather of Tutankhamen and ruler of Egypt around 3,350 years ago, has been unearthed by a team of Egyptian and European archaeologists.
On this date in 1923, the burial chamber of King Tutankhamen's recently unearthed tomb was unsealed in Egypt by English archaeologist Howard Carter.