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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the name of several Egyptian pharaohs of the 18th Dynasty who reigned during the New Kingdom. The most important were Thutmose I and Thutmose III.

Thutmose I. Ruled from 1538 B.C. to 1525 B.C. Thutmose I pursued an active policy of conquest. During his reign, Egyptian armies conquered Nubia as far as the third cataract of the Nile in the south and advanced to the Euphrates River in the north.

Thutmose III. Ruled circa 1525–1473 B.C. Until 1503, Thutmose III was prevented by his stepmother and co-ruler, Hatshepsut, from exercising real authority. In 1503, after her death, he launched a series of successful military campaigns to restore Egyptian supremacy in Syria and Palestine, which had broken away during Hatshepsut’s regency. In 1492 and 1491 he defeated the Mitanni king and seized his possessions west of the Euphrates. In the south he extended Egypt’s boundaries to the fourth cataract of the Nile, and in the west he forced payment of a tribute from Libya. Thutmose III received gifts from the rulers of Assyria, Babylonia, and the Hittite Empire and from the island of Crete. The territories he conquered were made provinces of Egypt and placed under the rule of viceroys.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
She comes to a book about Tuthmosis and says in surprise, "What are you doing here?" She reaches to another bookcase to put it away when disaster strikes.
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Before this discovery, the only proof was represented in Tuthmosis III, where there is a visible part in the statue that depicts King Ramses II accompanied by God Sobek and God Horus, the main gods of the Temple of Kom Ombo.
This is the era of Set I, Ramses II, and Tuthmosis III, the greatest military pharaohs in Egyptian history.
In 1650 BCE, the Hyksos conquered Egypt and ruled it from the fifteenth family to the seventeenth family until Ahmose I succeeded in liberating the country, paving the way for some of the most powerful kings: Tuthmosis, Akhenaten, Ramses, and his descendants.
Examples of the award of particular interest are examined beginning with Rekhmire, who was vizier under both Tuthmosis III and his son Amenhotep II.
Hatshepsut grew up as the oldest daughter of the pharaoh Tuthmosis I.
Royal-Athena Galleries carries another example of an ancient Egyptian work in the form of a limestone bust of Tuthmosis III, dated to the 18th dynasty.
King Tuthmosis III ruled Egypt between 1504 and 1450 BCE and brought seeds and different breeds of animals and birds from the region around what is now Lebanon, whose achievements is recorded at Karnak Temple in Upper Egypt.
Le portrait royal de 3.400 ans est decouvert dansl'atelier du sculpteur Tuthmosis. "In Light of Amarna" souhaite faire decouvrir et comprendre l'epoque de Nefertiti dans son contexte culturel et historique.
Two pharaohs who came before Akhenaten - Amenhotep III and Tuthmosis IV - seem to have had similar physiques.