Tutsi


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Tutsi

(to͞ot`sē, to͞o`–) or

Watutsi

(wä–), cattle-raising people of central Africa, particularly in BurundiBurundi
, officially Republic of Burundi, republic (2015 est. pop. 10,199,000), 10,747 sq mi (27,834 sq km), E central Africa. It borders on Rwanda in the north, on Tanzania in the east, on Lake Tanganyika in the southwest, and on Congo (Kinshasa) in the west.
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 and RwandaRwanda
, officially Republic of Rwanda, republic (2015 est. pop. 11,630,000), 10,169 sq mi (26,338 sq km), E central Africa. It borders on Congo (Kinshasa) in the west, on Uganda in the north, on Tanzania in the east, and on Burundi in the south.
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; they are also known as Watusi or Batusi. The original Tutsi homeland was probably in Ethiopia, and c.400 years ago they migrated south to around Lake Kivu. Here they established the native kingdoms of Rwanda and Burundi, ruled by a mwami (king). An aristocratic people, the Tutsi long held the peasant Bahutu, or Hutu, in feudal subjugation. In the 1970s, 80s, and 90s, despite much integration of Tutsi and Hutu culture, many members of both tribes died in bloody fighting in Burundi, Rwanda, and Congo. The Tutsi are spectacularly tall, often 7 ft (2.1 m) in height.
References in periodicals archive ?
I felt ashamed for it, apologized and mobilized fellows to do so as a contribution to desisting denials of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi,' he said.
Most of those killed were members of the smaller but traditionally dominant Tutsi ethnic group, while most of those who carried out the murders were from the majority Hutu population.
Seventy percent of the minority Tutsi population was wiped out, and over 10 percent of the total Rwandan population.
This became a deliberate strategy to kill Tutsis in order to maintain power.
The country soon tragically became a slaughterhouse and mosques became the only places of refuge where Muslims, Christians, Hutus and Tutsis can come together to protect each another.
Historically, Hutus and Tutsi were (http://www.listland.com/top-10-things-to-know-about-the-rwandan-genocide/) distinguished by their clan and social class, rather than by their ethnicity.
The novel reflects glimpses of a tension-filled past and slowly moves to uncover racial strife and the increase of genocidal actions against the Tutsi minority in Rwanda through the eyes of lycee girls enrolled at a Catholic boarding school that stands isolated on the Ikibira mountaintop by the river Nile, gated and guarded.
"But we also reaffirm our commitment to help ensure that other countries do not face the pain and suffering Rwandans endured two decades ago." Members of the Hutu tribe - mostly security forces and militias - backed by a Hutu-majority government used machetes to slaughter men, women and children of the Tutsi ethnic group, sometimes torching entire buildings with Tutsis hiding inside.
In the late 1950s the pan-ethnic political reform movements changed into "a mission to empower the Hutu masses over and against a perceived Tutsi oligarchy" (3).
She remembers hearing news on the radio in October 1990 that the north of Rwanda had been attacked by the Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF), which consisted of Tutsi exiles in Uganda.
Ethnic competition for control of the state; as Hutu and Tutsi groups fought for power engaging themselves in acts of cruelty and oppression one towards the other.