Tuva Republic

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Tuva Republic

(to͞o`və, Rus. to͞ovä`), constituent republic (1990 est. pop. 366,000), 65,830 sq mi (170,500 sq km), extreme S Siberian Russia, on the Mongolian border. Kyzyl is the capital. The area is a mountain basin, c.2,000 ft (610 m) high, encircled by the Sayan and Tannu-Ola ranges. The eastern part is forested and elevated, and the west is a drier lowland. The area includes the upper course of the Yenisei River. There are many glacial lakes.

Cattle, horses, sheep, goats, reindeer, and camels are raised in the elevated steppe areas, and grain is cultivated in the irrigated lowlands. Lumbering is carried on extensively. The fur trade remains important in the northeast. Among the republic's industries are food processing; leather making; woodworking; auto repairing; and the manufacture of building materials.

Tuvans make up about 65% of the population, and Russians (who live primarily in urban areas) around 32%. Traditionally nomadic herders who engaged in supplemental hunting and agriculture, the Tuvans were encouraged by the Soviet government to adopt a sedentary mode of life, with an emphasis on collectivized agriculture. They are a Turkic-speaking people with Mongol strains; their religion is Tibetan Buddhism. The Tuvans have a rich folklore and are skilled artisans in silver, bronze, wood, and stone. They are also renowned for throat-singing, a vocal technique that enables a singer to produce two or three distinct tones simultaneously.

Controlled by the Mongols from the 13th to 18th cent., they were under Chinese rule from 1757 to 1911. During the 1911 revolution in China, czarist Russia fomented a separatist movement among the Tuvans, whose territory became nominally independent before being made a Russian protectorate in 1914. The chaos accompanying the Russian Revolution of 1917 allowed the Tuvans to again proclaim their independence; but in 1921 the Bolsheviks established a Tuvinian People's Republic, popularly called Tannu-Tuva. It was annexed by the USSR in 1944 as an autonomous region and became an autonomous republic in 1961. It was a signatory to the Mar. 31, 1992, treaty that created the Russian Federation (see RussiaRussia,
officially the Russian Federation,
Rus. Rossiya, republic (2015 est. pop. 143,888,000), 6,591,100 sq mi (17,070,949 sq km). The largest country in the world by area, Russia is bounded by Norway and Finland in the northwest; by Estonia, Latvia, Belarus,
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).

Tuva Republic

a constituent republic of S Russia: mountainous. Capital: Kizyl. Pop.: 305 500 (2002). Area: 170 500 sq. km (65 800 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The purpose of the research is studying of epidemiology of epilepsy and epileptic syndromes and its risk factors in population the middle Siberia (the Krasnoyarsk region and the Tuva Republic)
Review: Eat Pray Love STARRING: Julia Roberts, Billy Crudup, Viola Davis, James Franco, Richard Jenkins, Javier Bardem, Hadi Subiyanto, Tuva Novotny, Luca Argentero, Rushita Singh DIRECTOR: Ryan Murphy CERTIFICATE: PG RUNNING TIME: 140mins REVIEWER'S RATING: ...
It is quite natural that we are facing some challenges, since the Republic of Tuva had no experience in deep mining before."
Tyva Kyzy (Daughters of Tuva) is from the Mongolian-Russian border region of Central Asia.
With Sarah Michelle Gellar, Lee Pace, Michael Landes, Tuva Novotny.
KYZYL, Tuva -- The world's largest Buddhist mantra, "written" with stones placed on one side of Dogee Mountain just outside the capital of this small Central Asian nation, was blessed Sept.
In addition Turvatiimi Tekniikka Oy and Lohjan Turvatiimi Oy would merge into Suomen Turvatiimi Oy, while Suomen Turvatiimi Oy would merge into Turvatiimi Holding Oy and LHV Turvatiimi Oy, Tuva Turvatiimi Oy and Secline Turvatiimi Oy would merge into Linjo Turvatiimi Oy.
GALSAN TSCHINAG is well known to German readers as the author of a series of novels centered on Tuva, his homeland northeast of Mongolia.
These papers from the April 2002 symposium describe findings in radiocarbon calibration (including glacial radiocarbon age calibration), methodology (including techniques for lake sediments and non-destructive plasma-chemical extraction of carbon from organic artifacts), and several instances of high resolution dating, as well as applications in sites such as Siberia, the central Negev, New Zealand, the Ukraine, Jordan, Tuva, Coratia, Friesack, Lecce, east Flanders, and at the base of the Aghinolfi Castle in Italy.
Raindrops, a playful, rhythmic tribute to rainy Taiwanese days, is set to a collage of sounds from Tibet, South America and Tuva. In Unbroken Thread dancers entangled in huge knots of ceiling-to-floor ropes struggle against, but ultimately embrace, the binding force of relationships.