Tuvinian

Tuvinian

 

the language of the Tuvinians, spoken in the Tuva ASSR by 139,400 people (1970, census) and in the Mongolian People’s Republic by approximately 20,000 people. Tuvinian is related to the Turkic languages. It has four dialects: the central, on which the national colloquial and literary languages are based, the western, the Todzha, and the southeastern dialect. The development of Tuvinian, particularly the southeastern dialect, was influenced by Mongolian. Tuvinian phonology is marked by an opposition between strong (aspirated) and weak consonants and between pharyngealized and pure vowels. In morphology, Tuvinian delimits the dative and aditive cases. Verbs have a compound conditional mood and a near future tense in -kalakl-kelek. A writing system based on the Latin alphabet was created in 1930; the Cyrillic-based writing system currently in use was introduced in 1941.

REFERENCES

Katanov, N. F. Opyt issledovaniia uriankhaiskogo iazyka. Kazan, 1903.
Iskhakov, F. G., and A. A. Pal’mbakh. Grammatika tuvinskogo iazyka. Moscow, 1961.
Sat, Sh. Ch. “Tuvinskii iazyk.” In Iazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 2. Moscow, 1966.
Russko-tuvinskii slovar’. Edited by A. A. Pal’mbakh. Moscow, 1953.
Tuvinsko-russkii slovar’. Edited by E. R. Tenishev. Moscow, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
Yuldashbaev YA, Dongak MI, Mongush SD, Bicheool SH (2012) Productivity of Tuvinian Short Fat-tailed Sheep with Various Fleece Structure.
Favorite Tuvinian dishes feature heavy-antlered Siberian elk and Siberian ibex, among the largest of mountain goats.
Tamara has worked since the reserve's creation in 1976 to protect its newly vulnerable wilderness, but despite her best efforts, Tuvinian poachers still slip in.
GALSAN TSCHINAG IS a Tuvinian who lives in Mongolia and writes in German, a language he mastered during six years of study in East Germany in the 1960s.
The most unsettling of all is the clash between tradition and modernity through which Tuvinian society is passing in the 1950s.
In the Tuva Autonomous Republic, ethnic disturbances and violence over the past two years between the Tuvinian people and other Soviet ethnic groups had led to the emigration of over 3,000 Russian-speaking people from the Tuva Autonomous Republic.
The Gray Earth," a novel of a young boy's coming of age, takes the form of reminiscences of the author's own childhood among the Tuvinian nomads, a Turkic-speaking minority, of the Mongolian People's Republic in the early 1950s.
Absolute mathematic indexes for the most richly represented 'Asiatic' traditions (Kazakh, Buryat, Altai, Tuvinians, Mongols, Georgians) are higher than indexes for the best represented 'European' traditions (German, Spanish, French, Estonian, Greek.
They include: Altaians, Buryatians, Dolgans, Koryaks, Kumandins, Mansi, Selkups, Tuvinians, Khakasians, Nenets, Hunts, Evenks and Russians.
Most closely related populations are populations of the Evenks and Yakuts, and then they are adjoined consistently by the Buryats and Tuvinians.
12) Este es el caso de Mongolia en la frontera con las republicas rusas de Tuva y Buriatia Los Buriats y Tuvinians tienes estilos de vida muy proximos a los mongoles.
Frequency variation between Eurasian Tuvinians, Buryats, Altaians, Yakuts and Russians genotyped for the P450 enzyme family alleles CYP2C9*2, CYP2C9*3, CYP2C19*2, CYP2C19*3, CYP3A5*3 and CYP3A5*6 showed statistically significant interethnic differences marked enough to be relevant to drug design and related therapeutic efforts (78).