Dorothy FireCloud, Sicangu Lakota, is currently the superintendent of Montezuma Castle and Tuzigoot
Studies in the field were conducted at four locations in Arizona: Montezuma Castle National Monument (Montezuma Castle); Tuzigoot National Monument (Tuzigoot); Tonto National Monument (Tonto); Ash Creek (1 km W of State Route 188, Lake Roosevelt vicinity, Gila County).
Montezuma Castle and Tuzigoot are located in the Verde Valley, northeastern Yavapai County, Arizona, and are characterized by semidesert grassland habitat.
Investigators have focused on Tuzigoot, the hillside stone-walled site nearest the Mingus Mountain mineralized deposits that Native Americans were quarrying for pigments from 1580 to 1605, and that the United Verde Copper Company exploited beginning in the late nineteenth-century.(3) Steadman Upham analyzed Tuzigoot as a Western Puebloan site whose inhabitants were integrated into an extensive commodity exchange network beginning in the fourteenth century.(4) On the premise that the largest Puebloan settlements were "likely to be the loci of political and economic control," Upham identified sixty-seven Western Pueblo settlements having more than fifty to one thousand rooms.
A report to the National Park Service hypothesized that Tuzigoot was a Northern Piman site at the end of the sixteenth century.(5) One argument is that when Antonio de Espejo's Spaniards visited the middle Verde Valley in 1583 the natives initially fled from the explorers.
Part of a trio of National Park Service sites including Tuzigoot
Monument, Montezuma's Well is a natural limestone sinkhole formed when an immense underground cavern collapsed some two million years ago.
Journey to northern Arizona's red rock country, where you'll be led through the Tuzigoot
National Monument and its pre-Columbian pueblos, and into aspen forests along an old stagecoach route to Mormon Lake, Arizona's largest natural lake.
We used a multifaceted approach to conduct surveys at Montezuma Castle, Tonto, and Tuzigoot national monuments.
Tuzigoot National Monument, Yavapai County, Arizona, is 146 km N Phoenix.
Evans, Michael, Henry Dobyns, Richard Stoffle, Diane Austin, and Elizabeth Krause 1994 NAGPRA Consultation and the National Park Service: An Ethnographic Report on Pipe Spring National Monument, Devils Tower National Monument, Tuzigoot
National Monument, Montezuma Castle National Monument, Western Archeological and Conservation Center.
Larger sites dating from 1300 to 1400 are at Tuzigoot
and Montezuma Castle national monuments.
On May 7 the prospectors rode six leagues to a marsh by an abandoned pueblo(19)-probably Tuzigoot
. On May 8, the prospectors crossed the north-south flowing Verde River and, following Native guides, climbed four leagues to the quarries.(20) The clear contrast between Schroeder's comment and Perez de Luxan's report shows who actually "misreads or misinterprets documentary statements."