Twachtman, John Henry

Twachtman, John Henry

(twäkt`mən), 1853–1902, American landscape painter and etcher, b. Cincinnati. He studied in Cincinnati under Duveneck and in Munich and Paris, but was influenced principally by the impressionists. Many of his exquisite and atmospheric landscapes in oil and pastel were inspired by the countryside near his home in Greenwich, Conn. He also painted a series of landscapes at Yellowstone Park and at Niagara Falls. He did not live to enjoy the high reputation his work now holds. Twachtman is represented in many American galleries. Characteristic works are Waterfall (Metropolitan Mus.), The Hemlock Pool (Addison Gall. of American Art, Andover, Mass.), and Summer (Phillips Memorial Gall., Washington, D.C.).
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Twachtman, John Henry

(1853–1902) painter, etcher; born in Cincinnati, Ohio. He began as a window shade decorator and studied under Frank Duveneck at the McMicken School of Design, Cincinnati, Ohio (1871). After study in Munich (1875–77), and living in Venice (1877) and Paris (1883–85), he returned to settle in Greenwich, Conn. (1889). His work was influenced by James Whistler and impressionism, as seen in Araques-la-Bataille (1885). He taught at the Art Students League, New York (1889–1902), and was a founder of the Ten (1898), an impressionist group.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.