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river, 97 mi (156 km) long, rising in the Southern Uplands of Scotland. It flows E through S Scotland then NE, forming the Scotland-England border for 17 mi (27 km) before entering the North Sea at Berwick, NE England. The Tweed system drains most of SE Scotland; the Gala, Ettrick, and Teviot are its chief tributaries. In Scotland the Tweed waters a sheep-farming region and passes PeeblesPeebles
, town (1991 pop. 6,750), Scottish Borders, S Scotland, at the confluence of Eddleston Water and the Tweed River. It is a mountain resort and a farm market with woolen mills. Ruins of a 13th-century church and castle remain.
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, MelroseMelrose,
town (1991 pop. 2,221), Scottish Borders, S Scotland, on the Tweed River. It is the site of one of the finest ruins in Scotland—Melrose Abbey, owned by the nation and founded for Cistercians by David I in 1136.
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, and Kelso. The Tweed also has rich salmon fisheries.


rough, unfinished woolen fabric, of a soft, open, flexible texture resembling cheviot or homespun, but more closely woven. It is made in either plain or twill weave and may have a check, twill, or herringbone pattern. Subdued, interesting color effects (heather mixtures) are obtained by twisting together different-colored woolen strands into a two- or three-ply yarn. Tweeds are desirable for outer wear, being moisture resistant and very durable.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a river in Great Britain. The Tweed is 163 km long and drains an area of approximately 5,000 sq km. Originating in the Southern Uplands, it flows primarily in an easterly direction at first through a hilly region and then, in its lower course, over a plain. The mean flow rate in the lower course, at the city of Norham, is 83 cu m per sec. The Tweed empties into the North Sea and is navigable near its mouth at high tide. The city of Berwick-upon-Tweed is located at its mouth.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a. a thick woollen often knobbly cloth produced originally in Scotland
b. (as modifier): a tweed coat


a river in SE Scotland and NE England, flowing east and forming part of the border between Scotland and England, then crossing into England to enter the North Sea at Berwick. Length: 156 km (97 miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Goody was recovering in hospital following surgery to relieve pain in her bowel on Monday, as Tweed, 21, was convicted of assaulting a taxi driver, an al legation he denied.
These are the figures flanking Tweed in the vitriolic stream of political cartoons that issued against him from the pen of Harper's Weekly's Thomas Nast.
From the start, Dustcheck's design engineers realised that installation of the system at Silvery Tweed would coincide with the ATEX Directive coming into force for all new installations.
Today, tweed is going through yet another incarnation, this time in home furnishings.
The Duchess of Cambridge wowed her fans when she stepped out in a belted tweed Erdem dress to visit the ( V&A Photography Centre at Victoria & Albert Museum in London on Oct.
The self-confessed "horsey girl" was inspired to create a Northumbrian tweed to rival offerings from just over the border in Scotland.
The stylish Harris Tweed Bowmore grand sofa and armchair from Barker and Stonehouse feature an Edwardian style, with elegant curves and simple lines.
"Dead" wool is often burned and rough produce goes to carpet, with the finest quality reserved for Harris Tweed. THE MILL The washed wool is sold at auction through merchants to the tweed mills on the Isle of Lewis.
Elie Saab has created his own modern twist on this sophisticated trend – and in doing so has kept the peplum alive – with structured dresses complemented with panels of tweed.
So pair rich shades of cognac with a tartan mini, and colonial gold with wide-legged tweed trousers for a youthful spin.
The jury heard the young woman, now a 20-year-old student from Hertfordshire, went with friends to Tweed's house in Repton Park, Woodford Green, east London, after a night out at the Embassy Club in Mayfair.
London, April 13 (ANI): A court has been told that late Celebrity Big Brother star Jade Goody's widower Jack Tweed had been egged on by a pal as he raped a student in his home after a night out.