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(tvĕr), formerly


(kəlyē`nyĭn), city (1989 pop. 451,000), capital of Tver region, central European Russia, at the confluence of the Volga and Tver rivers. A major port on the upper Volga, it is linked with Moscow by the Moscow Canal. An industrial center, Tver has industries producing linen textiles, light machinery, and rolling stock. The city grew around a fort established in the late 12th cent. It was early an important trade center, and from the mid-13th cent. until the late 14th cent. it was the seat of a powerful principality that rivaled Moscow. It was subjugated (1475–85) by Ivan III, grand duke of Moscow. Tver was renamed (1931) for M. I. Kalinin, a president of the USSR. It reverted to its original name in 1992. It is the site of a cathedral and castle, both from the 17th cent.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



until 1931, the name of the city of Kalinin, administrative center of Kalinin Oblast, RSFSR.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a city in central Russia, at the confluence of the Volga and Tversta Rivers: chief port of the upper Volga, linked by canal with Moscow. Pop.: 402 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Twer, previously with Imprint Comfort Mats, joined the company in August, and now the division has an office in Charlotte, N.C., and a distribution center in Charleston, S.C.
(iv) to extend the modelling of the grammar rules of the translation and language models to reduce TWER in the translation systems;
(.93), VAIS (.97), MCS (.94), and TWER (.92; O'Brien et al., 1997).
2.00 (Intermediate Race: 1, THREE SPIRES (A Richardson) evens fav; 2, Trooper Collins (G Twer) 3-12; 3, Royalecko (Miss J Holland) 7-1.
The TWER and FGNP variables are of particular importance because they measure the relative importance of real exchange rates and economic activity in export markets.
11.6M * OTHER FOUR-COLOR PUBLICATIONS AWARD OF MERIT Entry: Hay Group Corporate Identity Brochure Winner: Doran Twer Hay Group Philadelphia, Pa.
(NASDAQ: TWER) said it has announced a small cell services teaming agreement with Alcatel-Lucent (NYSE: ALU) enabling a one-stop solution for carriers to deploy Small Cell wireless infrastructure.
Does dim modd i'w hosgoi, mae'r twer i'w weld o bellter, sydd ddim yn syndod o ystyried ei uchder o 202 troedfedd, ac mae'r eglwys bob amser yn disgleirio ac yn ymddangos yn wyn.
Sonia Gwyn Llewelyn am yr unig dro, ac yntau hefyd yn blentyn bach, iddo gyfarfod 'i daid, Tomi Tan Twer, er iddo'i weld rai blynyddoedd wedyn, ond heb sgwrsio ag ef.
Towerstream (NASDAQ: TWER), Middletown, R.I., a WiMAX service provider, has announced it is delivering its high-speed, wireless broadband service to hotels in its markets across the country, to meet the hospitality industries specific need for high-speed internet access.
(NASDAQ: TWER) said that its Manhattan Wi-Fi network is one of the first networks to be named as a certified Next Generation Hotspot (NGH) by the WBA's Interoperability Compliance Program (ICP).