Two-Headed Eagle

Two-Headed Eagle

 

fantastic heraldic figure symbolizing authority, strength, and unity. The oldest depiction dates from the seventh or sixth century B.C., discovered on archaeological monuments of ancient Media. From the fourth through the 15th centuries the two-headed eagle was the state emblem of Byzantium, the symbol of the unity of the Eastern and Western Roman empires, and later of Byzantium’s claim to the territories of the former Western Empire. Beginning in the 14th century it was depicted on the coins of Louis the Bavarian and of other monarchs who considered themselves the heirs of the Roman Empire. Beginning in the 15th century it was the coat of arms of the Holy Roman Empire from which it was taken over in the 19th century as the coat of arms of Austria-Hungary. In Russia the two-headed eagle became the state emblem after the marriage of Ivan III to the Byzantine princess Sophia Paleólogos and embodied the claim of Rus’ to the Byzantine legacy. Later it served as an emblem of the indivisibility of European and Asian Russia. The two-headed eagle has been preserved to this day in the coat of arms of the People’s Republic of Albania; it comes from the depiction of a two-headed eagle on the banner of the Albanian national hero Skanderbeg.

References in classic literature ?
The sight of the two-headed eagle of Du Guesclin, however, was a passport into any fortalice in France, and ere they had passed the gate the old border knight came running forwards with hands out-thrown to greet his famous countryman.
One scenario, the "two-headed eagle," is remarkably similar to contemporary Russia.
On one side, there are the symbols of Czechia, Moravia, Silesia, Slovakia and Carpathian Ruthenia, the old monarchy, the two-headed eagle divided by a line between the colours of the flag.
The pair, of Albanian-Kosovar descent, used their hands to make a two-headed eagle - an Albanian nationalist symbol - which is deemed antagonistic towards Serbia.
Granit Xhaka, Xherdan Shaqiri and Swiss captain Stephan Lichtsteiner were cleared to play after having~celebrated in front of~Serbian supporters by forming what appeared to be a two-headed eagle - part of the Albanian flag with their hands.
Xhaka and Shaqiri made hand gestures of a two-headed eagle after scoring second-half goals, and Lichtsteiner joined in the celebration.
After scoring, both made an eagle gesture understood to symbolize the two-headed eagle on the Albanian flag.Both players are ethnic Albanians from Kosovo, where a Serbian crackdown on the Albanian population only ended with Nato military intervention in 1999.Kosovo declared independence from Serbia in 2008 but 10 years later, Serbia does not recognise Kosovos independence.
Insukit, or inkaot, which means 'inserted' is still practiced in barangay Nalasin, Paoay with patterns of stylized stars, diamonds and oblong shapes, fish, crabs, pineapples, grapes, turkeys, horses, even the two-headed eagle.
I recently visited the Croatian port city of Rijeka, close to the Slovenian and Italian borders, when the two-headed eagle was put back atop the bell tower.
Butel citizens started protesting afterwards, and demanded providing conditions for the construction of the cross, and replacing the two-headed eagle with a statue of Fan Noli, the founder of the Albanian Orthodox Church.
Daut Dauti in Dnevnik is decisive that the placement of the cross monument cannot be measured with the placed two-headed eagle statue, because one of them is religious and the other one is a national symbol.
Beginning with the most widely recognized emblem, he argues that the two-headed eagle, despite long debate, has not been placed in the full context of its evolving image but also notes the increasing complexity of contributory contexts for an emblem common to so many cultures since the dawn of artistic representation.