The US Congress promptly enacted a new law, the Tydings-McDuffie Act
. The Act stipulated that the President of the United States was to surrender all sovereignty and recognize the independence of the Philippines on July 4, 1946.
Admittedly, I would say very little about Quezon's time as president-- his efforts in helping secure independence from the US, pushing for passage of the Tydings-McDuffie Act
; how he managed to evade capture by the Japanese at the outbreak of the war in the Pacific.
This was accomplished through the Tydings-McDuffie Act
of 1934 that drafted mechanisms for the establishment of a constitution.
Some senior officers in the 1930s, coinciding with the passage of the Tydings-McDuffie Act
(1934), argued for expedited Philippines independence and US withdrawal back into the strategic triangle.
The Tydings-McDuffie Act
, granting independence to the Philippines, was passed by Congress.
Other laws included the 1917 Immigration Act, which prohibited Asian Indian immigration; the 1924 Immigration Quota Act, which halted all immigration from mainland Asia; and the 1934 Tydings-McDuffie Act
which restricted Filipino immigration.
The Tydings-McDuffie Act
was finally passed by the US Congress, providing the Filipinos a 10-year-period of preparation toward complete independence.
The free flow of Filipino migrants to Hawaii and other states came to an end in 1934, when the Tydings-McDuffie Act
put Filipinos in the aliens category, subject to immigration restrictions like everyone else.
Past Philippine administrations treated the United States as a 'Big Brother.' Agreements between the two countries like the ones on mutual defense and trade and investment, and such laws as the Tydings-McDuffie Act
and the Hare-Hawes-Cutting Act were designed to establish long friendship between the two countries.
His accomplishments as a statesman include the ratification of the Tydings-McDuffie Act
, which led to Philippine self-government and eventual independence from the United States," Presidential Spokesman Edwin Lacierda said.
I'm always surprised when I mention nuggets of Filipino American history like the Tydings-McDuffie Act
, which changed the status of Filipinos from American nationals to just plain Filipino-and subject to deportation.
The US pledged eventual recognition of Philippine independence in the Jones Law of 1916; the Tydings-McDuffie Act
of 1933 set a ten-year transition period which, however, was interrupted by World War II.