Tyne and Wear

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Tyne and Wear,

former metropolitan county, NE England. Created in the 1974 local government reorganization, the county embraced the Newcastle upon Tyne conurbation and comprised five metropolitan districts (metropolitan boroughs): Newcastle upon TyneNewcastle upon Tyne,
city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 199,064), NE England, on the Tyne River. The city is an important shipping and trade center. The famous coal-shipping industry began in the 13th cent.; coal, however, was exceeded by wool exports until the 16th cent.
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, North Tyneside, South Tyneside, GatesheadGateshead
, metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 91,429), NE England, on the Tyne River opposite Newcastle upon Tyne. Service industries, light engineering, paints, refrigeration, heating, and air conditioning equipment, ordnance, and wire and cable are among the city's industries.
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, and SunderlandSunderland,
city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 195,064), NE England, at the mouth of the Wear River. The city was established as a shipbuilding center and a coal-shipping port in the 14th cent; shipbuilding ended in the 1980s, and coal mining in the 1990s.
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. Tyne and Wear was abolished in 1986, and the districts became responsible for all services except police, fire, and civil defense, which are supervised jointly. It remains a ceremonial county under the Lieutenancies Act.

Tyne and Wear

a metropolitan county of NE England, administered since 1986 by the unitary authorities of Newcastle upon Tyne, North Tyneside, Gateshead, South Tyneside, and Sunderland. Area: 540 sq. km (208 sq. miles)