error of the first kind

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error of the first kind

[¦er·ər əvthə ¦fərst ‚kīnd]
(statistics)
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FIGURE 1 TYPE I AND TYPE II ERRORS Proper Course of Action Take No Action Take Action Take No I II Action Correct Type I Decision Error Decision Take III IV Action Type II Correct Error Decision FIGURE 2 THE BASIC DECISION MATRIX OF POLICYMAKERS Choice 1 Choice 2 Incremental Dramatic Action Action--Mild No Mitigation Action Proper Course of Action I II Correct Decision Type I Error III IV Type II Error Correct Decision TABLE 1 FOUNDATIONS OF CONSTRUCTIVIST VS.
Scalable decision rules for environmental impact studies: effect size, Type I and Type II errors.
If we consider the agency's decision to take action to be comparable to the acceptance of a hypothesis, we can relate these two kinds of failures to the more familiar type I and type II errors often studied in statistics.
To illustrate the concept of type I and type II errors in organizational systems, let us consider the example of NASA and its decision to launch the space shuttle.
I shall now elaborate a theory of organizational reliability that allows for the existence of both type I and type II errors.