Typological Method

Typological Method

 

in archaeology, a method of systematic and chronological classifying of archaeological remains. The method, devised by G. O. Montelius, was first applied in European archaeology in the second half of the 19th century.

The typological method entails the classification of ancient objects—such as weapons, work implements, ornaments, or vessels—according to the materials and methods used in making them and according to their shape and ornamentation. Objects that have identical functions and are similar in appearance but differ in detail are grouped in typological evolutionary series; by comparing these series, one can identify groups of objects that are characteristic of a particular epoch. Typological series are also used in the classification of graves and other archaeological structures. The typological method is a valuable archaeological procedure.

References in periodicals archive ?
Historians and those who specialize in one of the figures presented may be frustrated with Crouse's typological method, which at times downplays evidence that might sully a clean typology.
The second half of the book traces the dissolution of the figurative/ typological method in the course of the Middle Ages.
The same is true of the final section of the book which concentrates on Blake's use of a typological method to situate 'the social and cultural changes afflicting eighteenth-century Europe within the larger span of Judeo-Christian and ancient history' (p.