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a city of the Bosporan state located, according to ancient Greek sources, south of Panticapaeum (present-day Kerch’). Tyritake has been identified with the remains of an ancient fortified settlement on the coast of Kerch’ Strait, in the present-day settlement of Arshintsevo.
Excavations, conducted since 1932, have revealed that Tyritake was founded by the Greeks in the mid-sixth century B.C as a trade and agricultural settlement. Handicrafts later developed, and viticulture was practiced in the Hellenistic period. From the first to the third centuries A.D., Tyritake was an important fishing center. Finds include portions of the city’s wall, homes, wineries, vats for salting fish, agricultural implements, and articles used in the home. Tyritake was ravaged in the second half of the fourth century, apparently by the Huns; however, the city continued to be inhabited through the early Middle Ages.