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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city of the Bosporan state located, according to ancient Greek sources, south of Panticapaeum (present-day Kerch’). Tyritake has been identified with the remains of an ancient fortified settlement on the coast of Kerch’ Strait, in the present-day settlement of Arshintsevo.

Excavations, conducted since 1932, have revealed that Tyritake was founded by the Greeks in the mid-sixth century B.C as a trade and agricultural settlement. Handicrafts later developed, and viticulture was practiced in the Hellenistic period. From the first to the third centuries A.D., Tyritake was an important fishing center. Finds include portions of the city’s wall, homes, wineries, vats for salting fish, agricultural implements, and articles used in the home. Tyritake was ravaged in the second half of the fourth century, apparently by the Huns; however, the city continued to be inhabited through the early Middle Ages.


Gaidukevich, V. F. Bosporskoe tsarstvo. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although the Greeks initially disdained fish, by the sixth century B.C., catching and trading fish was an important part of the Greek economy and led to the colonization of remote territories, such as Scythia on the coasts of the Black Sea; and the Tyritake excavations in the Crimea revealed tanks used to prepare fish paste, containing spines and scales of the Black Sea herring (Caspialosa).