Tuva Republic

(redirected from Tyva)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Tuva Republic

(to͞o`və, Rus. to͞ovä`), constituent republic (1990 est. pop. 366,000), 65,830 sq mi (170,500 sq km), extreme S Siberian Russia, on the Mongolian border. Kyzyl is the capital. The area is a mountain basin, c.2,000 ft (610 m) high, encircled by the Sayan and Tannu-Ola ranges. The eastern part is forested and elevated, and the west is a drier lowland. The area includes the upper course of the Yenisei River. There are many glacial lakes.

Cattle, horses, sheep, goats, reindeer, and camels are raised in the elevated steppe areas, and grain is cultivated in the irrigated lowlands. Lumbering is carried on extensively. The fur trade remains important in the northeast. Among the republic's industries are food processing; leather making; woodworking; auto repairing; and the manufacture of building materials.

Tuvans make up about 65% of the population, and Russians (who live primarily in urban areas) around 32%. Traditionally nomadic herders who engaged in supplemental hunting and agriculture, the Tuvans were encouraged by the Soviet government to adopt a sedentary mode of life, with an emphasis on collectivized agriculture. They are a Turkic-speaking people with Mongol strains; their religion is Tibetan Buddhism. The Tuvans have a rich folklore and are skilled artisans in silver, bronze, wood, and stone. They are also renowned for throat-singing, a vocal technique that enables a singer to produce two or three distinct tones simultaneously.

Controlled by the Mongols from the 13th to 18th cent., they were under Chinese rule from 1757 to 1911. During the 1911 revolution in China, czarist Russia fomented a separatist movement among the Tuvans, whose territory became nominally independent before being made a Russian protectorate in 1914. The chaos accompanying the Russian Revolution of 1917 allowed the Tuvans to again proclaim their independence; but in 1921 the Bolsheviks established a Tuvinian People's Republic, popularly called Tannu-Tuva. It was annexed by the USSR in 1944 as an autonomous region and became an autonomous republic in 1961. It was a signatory to the Mar. 31, 1992, treaty that created the Russian Federation (see RussiaRussia,
officially the Russian Federation,
Rus. Rossiya, republic (2015 est. pop. 143,888,000), 6,591,100 sq mi (17,070,949 sq km). The largest country in the world by area, Russia is bounded by Norway and Finland in the northwest; by Estonia, Latvia, Belarus,
..... Click the link for more information.
).

Tuva Republic

a constituent republic of S Russia: mountainous. Capital: Kizyl. Pop.: 305 500 (2002). Area: 170 500 sq. km (65 800 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Russian President Vladimir Putin holds a fish he caught during a mini-break in the Siberian Tyva ALEXEI NIKOLSKY
On an afternoon of April 2003, the normal activities of an Association of Shamans in the capital city of Tyva Republic, Kyzyl, were disrupted by an unprecedented incident.
The second place went to a representative of Kazakhstan, Sultanbek Serikbayevich, while the third one - to Saai Nachyn of Tyva.
Sweden-based gold miner Central Asia Gold (NGM:CAG) is looking to dispose of Tyva Prospectors Artel, a placer gold miner in the Tuva Republic, a Tyva spokesperson said.
GOING SWIMMINGLY Putin takes a dip while travelling in the mountains of the Siberian Tyva region BRANCHING OUT Having a break from all his activities NEIGH BOTHER Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin takes a ride while on holiday in Southern Siberia
He also showed off an impressive butterfly stroke during a brisk swim in a nearby lake in the mountains of Siberia's Tyva region.
Tyva Kyzy, an all-female group of throat-singers and folk musicians from the Tuva Republic in Central Asia, will present a World Music Series concert at 8 p.
Genetic HLA markers associated with pulmonary tuberculosis in the Barun-Kahemchiksky district, Republic of Tyva.
An extreme example is in the Republic of Tyva, where the stock of explicit debt exceeds pre-transfer revenue by a factor of five.
La historia de Tuva, o Tyva eu el idioma autoctono de la republica, es tan larga como la de la humanidad.
Ingushetia, Kalmikia, Tatarstan, Bashkortostan, Tyva, Kabardino-Balkariia, and Irkutsk oblast and Khanti-Mansii autonomous okrug) clalmed the supremacy of their laws over federal law.
On the other hand, Marjorie Mandelstam Balzer, in her article about ethnicity and nationalism in the Russian republics, takes a more descriptive approach to the nationalism exhibited in Chechnya, Tyva, Buryatia, and Yakutia, to show that "in 1985, the republics in Russia did not start perestroika from positions of equality in relation in the center" and thus had "different degrees of radicalization" (87).