U Thant


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Thant, U

(o͞o thänt), 1909–74, Burmese diplomat, secretary-general of the United NationsUnited Nations
(UN), international organization established immediately after World War II. It replaced the League of Nations. In 1945, when the UN was founded, there were 51 members; 193 nations are now members of the organization (see table entitled United Nations Members).
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 (1962–72). Educated at University College, Yangon, he later held positions in education, the press, and broadcasting. He was with the Burmese ministry of information (1949–57) and served as chairman of the Burmese delegation to the United Nations from 1947. In 1953 he was appointed Burma's permanent representative to the United Nations.

Thant succeeded Dag HammarskjöldHammarskjöld, Dag
, 1905–61, Swedish statesman, secretary-general of the United Nations (1953–61). He attended the universities of Uppsala and Stockholm (Ph.D., 1934).
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 as acting secretary-general of the United Nations in 1961 and was elected secretary-general in 1962. In the early years of his tenure, he was deeply involved in the settlement of major international disputes, including the transfer of Netherlands New Guinea (now Papua and West Papua prov.) to Indonesia (1962); the removal of Soviet missiles from Cuba (1962); the resolution of the civil war in the Congo in 1963; the establishment of a peacekeeping force on Cyprus (1964); and the achievement of a cease-fire in the 1965 India-Pakistan War.

Elected to a second term in 1966, U Thant had less success in dealing with the major crises of this later period, which included the Vietnam War, the Middle East crisis, and another India-Pakistan War (1971), among others. This declining role in international peacekeeping was offset by a greatly increased UN involvement in the economic and social development of the Third World countries, which by that time made up a large majority of the United Nations. U Thant was never able to solve the chronic problem of financing UN operations.

In 1972, after declining another term, he was succeeded as secretary-general by Kurt WaldheimWaldheim, Kurt
, 1918–2007, Austrian diplomat, secretary-general of the United Nations (1972–81) and president of Austria (1986–92). He entered diplomatic service after World War II, serving in France and Canada.
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. He wrote several books, including Cities and Their Stories (1930), The League of Nations School Book (1932), Towards a New Education (1946), and a History of Postwar Burma (3 vol., 1961).

Bibliography

See a selection of his writings and speeches in Portfolio for Peace (1968); study by J. Bingham (1966).

References in periodicals archive ?
It was jointly unveiled by Lila Giri, Minister of Province-5, Lumbini Development Trust Vice Chairman Bhikshu Metteya, Lumbini Buddhist University Vice Chancellor Hridaya Ratna Bajracharya and grandson of U Thant Dr Thant Myunta Thant had visited Lumbini when he was the UN Secretary-General.
Los estudiantes habian encarado el dominio colonial en los anos treinta, y de ese grupo surgirian las figuras mas importantes del proceso descolonizador y de la Birmania independiente (Aung San, U Nu, Ne Win, U Thant, etc.), pero despues de 1948 habian tenido un papel limitado y, salvo en los incidentes posteriores al golpe de Estado militar, su activismo habia sido silenciado gracias a la vigilancia de los servicios secretos de Ne Win.
It was first performed by Cardiff City fans at Sincil Bank, home of Lincoln City, on September 15, 1990, the day after U Thant had played a gig at Cardiff 's Chapter Arts Centre.
The wretched record of the United Nations over the past 70 years vindicates U Thant's inadvertent admission that the UN Charter does indeed align with Lenin's "ideals."
U Thant succeeded Dag Hammarskjold as Secretary-General in 1961 after Hammarskjold died in a plane crash outside the then Northern Rhodesian town of Ndola.
QUIZ CHALLENGE: 1 The sloth; 2 Seinfeld; 3 Castling; 4 Montague and Capulet; 5 U Thant.
ANSWERS: The Sloth; 2 Seinfeld; 3 Castling; 4 Montague and Capulet; 5 U Thant; 6 Kilogram(kg); 7 Aarona Copland; 8 The Liberty Bell; 9 Touch Me; 10 Scapa Flow.
The grandson of U Thant, one-time secretary-general of the UN, the writer was raised in the USA, and his book is perhaps as much an attempt to understand his own "crisis country" as a means of illuminating others.
The last Asian to hold the job was U Thant of Myanmar, who completed a 10-year term in 1971.
U Thant from Burma held the post from 1961 to 1971.
press officer at the time of the Biafra crisis--men like Richard Nixon and Henry Kissinger come out of this whole affair looking much better than such lofty personalities as U Thant, Pierre Trudeau, Harold Wilson, and Elliot Richardson.
It was originally performed by the singer and fans of a Welshlanguage punk group called U Thant.