U-2 incident

U-2 incident,

in U.S. and Soviet history, the events following the Soviet downing of an American U-2 high altitude reconnaissance aircraft over Soviet territory on May 1, 1960. The incident led to the collapse of a proposed summit conference between the United States, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, and France in Paris. President Eisenhower's initial claim that he had no knowledge of such flights was difficult to maintain when the Soviets produced the pilot, Francis Gary Powers, who had survived the crash. Eisenhower met Khrushchev's demand for an apology by suspending U-2 flights, but the Soviet Premier was not satisfied and the summit was canceled. Powers was sentenced to ten years in prison, but was released in 1962 in exchange for convicted Soviet spy Rudolph Abel.

Bibliography

See M. R. Beschloss, Mayday (1986).

References in periodicals archive ?
The writer's assertion that '...this history of bad blood (with Russia) over the decades has defied every attempt at a normalisation much less a warming of ties between Moscow and Islamabad', overlooks a period in the 1960s when friendly relations with the Soviet Union did exist, despite the U-2 incident and Badaber.
Spy Pilot: Francis Gary Powers, The U-2 Incident, and a Controversial Cold War Legacy comes from the son of Francis Gary Powers, who commanded an American U-2 spy plane over the Soviet Union in 1960, which was shot down.
By ANDY RICHARDS Content Editor andy.richards@trinitymirror.com THE 1960 U-2 incident occurred during the Cold War on May 1, 1960, during the presidency of Dwight D.
Operation Overflight: A Memoir of the U-2 Incident by Francis Gary Powers with Curt Gentry.
Utilizing a host of declassified as well as little-used congressional sources, Barrett and Holland tell an interesting tale of how fear of another "U-2 incident" led to Secretary of State Dean Rusk and National Security Advisor McGeorge Bundy, with the support of Robert Kennedy, forcing a halt to direct overflights of western Cuba after the discovery of SA-2 surface-to-air missiles installed there.
Two weeks later, Khrushchev used the U-2 incident and Ike's refusal to apologize to dynamite the Paris summit and the gauzy Spirit of Camp David that had come out of his ten-day visit to the U.S.
The U-2 incident, the Indo-Soviet treaty of 1970, and Pakistan support to the West against Russia severely destroyed their relations.
Hopes for an agreement evaporated, however, after the U-2 incident. Finally, Greene explains in his epilogue that after Eisenhower's retirement, the public outcry over renewed testing, improvements in nuclear detection, and the Cuban missile crisis finally hastened the negotiation and signing of a test ban treaty in 1963 something for which President Kennedy has received much praise.
The U-2 incident and a later one concerning an American RB-47 airplane, together with U.S.
Is the whole affair, like the U-2 incident, a manufactured monkey wrench to thwart the superpower summit?
Although historians have examined this episode in great detail, Aldous is very good in explaining the impact of the U-2 incident on the participants of the summit and the way in which it made any public accommodation at Paris impossible.
Not surprisingly, the Cuban Missile crisis is covered at length, as is the U-2 incident.