Bureau of Indian Affairs

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Indian Affairs, Bureau of,

created (1824) in the U.S. War Dept. and transferred (1849) to the U.S. Dept. of the Interior. The War Dept. managed Native American affairs after 1789, but a separate bureau was not set up for many years. It had jurisdiction over trade with Native Americans, their removal to the West, their protection from exploitation, and their concentration on reservations. Because of wide dissatisfaction in the West over army administration of Native American affairs, the responsibility was given to the Dept. of the Interior and reorganized. The new bureau was no more successful than its predecessor in preventing wars with Native Americans or in protecting their rights. The Bureau of Indian Affairs instead evolved primarily into a land-administering agency, a process speeded up by the Dawes Act of 1887, the Burke Act of 1906, and the Wheeler-Howard Act of 1934, now acting as trustee over Native American lands and funds. The bureau also promotes agricultural and economic development, provides a health program, social services, Native American schools, and reclamation projects for Alaska Natives and Native Americans in the United States. The Bureau of Indian Affairs has also been officially called the Office of Indian Affairs and the Indian Service. Beginning in the early 1970s, Native American civil-rights groups, such as the American Indian MovementAmerican Indian Movement
(AIM), Native American civil-rights activist organization, founded in 1968 to encourage self-determination among Native Americans and to establish international recognition of their treaty rights.
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, began actively protesting their dissatisfaction with the bureau. In 1997 the bureau was accused by Interior Dept. auditors of mismanaging money owed to Native American tribes and individuals. A lawsuit on the issue, dating to 1996, was tentatively settled in 2009 for $3.4 billion (mainly for compensation and fractionated land ownership consolidation). Since 2011 a number of tribes have also won or settled claims resulting from alleged mismanagement, with compensation totaling about $1.9 billion.
References in periodicals archive ?
The U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs recently filed a draft environmental assessment for the project, which would have the proposed $405 million casino built along Interstate 39, half a mile from the Illinois border.
Retired Oklahoma Supreme Court Justice Steven Taylor of McAlester will oversee public safety, while longtime transportation secretary and the former head of the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs, Neal McCaleb, will head the Native American Committee.
Starting in the 1870s, the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs ran boarding schools for Native American children that separated them from their families and isolated them from their traditional languages and cultures so they could "assimilate" into American society.
A fire managers' update noted that the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs is seeking information about fires on Indian lands through an arson hotline.
Patrick reached the revised agreement with the Mashpee in March after an earlier agreement was approved by the Legislature only to be rejected by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs. The governor has said he is confident the new agreement will pass muster with the federal agency.
An expansion of casino gambling raises concerns such as increased crime and alcohol, drug and gambling abuse, he said Monday in letters to the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs.
Last month, the Hopi Tribe sued the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) over the landfill that the federal agency operated for nearly 50 years.
The U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs pegs the unemployment rate on some reservations at higher than 60 percent.
However, the focus on tribes that receive services from the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) keeps this book from being comprehensive.
Johnson, "Report of School at Morris, Minnesota," in Annual Reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs (ARCIA) (Washington, DC: U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs, 1898), 372, 373; University of Minnesota Morris Historic Preservation Planning Team, University of Minnesota Morris Historic Preservation Plan: A Plan for Landscape and Buildings (Morris: University of Minnesota Morris, 2005), 12; Joseph A.
This document presents the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs' Bureau-Wide Annual Report Card for 2009-2010.
At the turn of the twentieth century, the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs advocated an accelerated assimilation of Indian peoples into the dominant white society.