Food and Drug Administration

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Food and Drug Administration

(FDA), agency of the Public Health Service division of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is charged with protecting public health by ensuring that foods are safe and pure, cosmetics and other chemical substances harmless, and products safe, effective, and honestly labeled. The Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938 and various bills since have strengthened government control by requiring prior-evidence-of-safety tests and procedures for new drugs, pesticides, and additives and colorings in foods and cosmetics. The FDA was first established in 1931; in 1940 it was transferred from the Dept. of Agriculture to the Federal Security Agency and in 1953 to the Dept. of Health, Education and Welfare, which was redesignated as Health and Human Services in 1979. The FDA consists of the centers for Drug Evaluation and Research, Biologics Evaluation and Research, Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Veterinary Medicine, Devices and Radiological Health, and Toxicological Research. In the early 1990s, in response to criticism that its time-consuming approval processes penalized people with AIDS, it extended the classification system it uses to prioritize drugs in order to give AIDS drugs the highest priority; it also subsequently sped up the approval process for cancer drugs. Congressional legislation in 1997 mandated an overhaul of the FDA in order to speed review of new drugs and medical devices.

Bibliography

See P. J. Hilt, Protecting America's Health: The FDA, Business, and One Hundred Years of Regulation (2003) and D. Carpenter, Reputation and Power: Organizational Image and Pharmaceutical Regulation at the FDA (2010).

References in periodicals archive ?
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is responsible for testing all cosmetic ingredients before they reach the public.
"That bacteria can then infect people, and jump to other organisms that are in humans." The Center joins a coalition of other concerned groups calling on the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to immediately ban the agricultural use of such important human antibiotics as penicillin, tetracycline and erythromycin, and to refuse new approvals of human antibiotics for growth promotion or disease prevention in animals.
New arthritis drugs designed to meet these treatment needs are presently available or awaiting approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
U.S. Food and Drug Administration Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/supplmnt.
Food packaging manufacturers must prove to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that all materials coming in contact with food are safe, before they are permitted for use in such a manner.
This brochure is a joint publication of: The Federal Trade Commission The Pharmaceutical Advertising Council The U.S. Food and Drug Administration The U.S.
Lamar Alexander (R-Tenn.) today released the following statement after voting for legislation that funds programs that support Tennessee farmers, funds agricultural research at the University of Tennessee and funds the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) which ensures the safety of the food Tennesseans eat:
This fall, a scientific panel recommended that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approve the use of Exubera by adults.
I reviewed 16,868 U.S. Food and Drug Administration ADE reports associated with these 4 quinolones from November 1997 to September 2003 (3).
Washington, DC: U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Available: http://www.fda.gov/opacom/morechoices/mission.html [accessed 26 July 2004].
Last year, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved an average of nearly one new medical device a week and considered hundreds more.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has started an email list anyone can join, to provide AIDS-related information from the Agency.
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