National Institutes of Health

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National Institutes of Health

(NIH), agency of the U.S. Public Health Service, with headquarters in Bethesda, Md. It was established initially in 1887 as a laboratory in the U.S. Marine Hospital on Staten Island in New York City, and was given its present name in 1948. The NIH conducts and supports biomedical research into the causes, cure, and prevention of disease. It maintains its own laboratories and awards grants and contracts to universities and other private research facilities. Separate national institutes (27 in all) function in specific areas such as cancer; heart, lung, and blood diseases; dental and craniofacial research; child health and human development; allergy and infectious diseases; aging; human genome research; drug abuse; mental health; and biomedical imaging and bioengineering. It also maintains the National Library of Medicine.
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References in periodicals archive ?
This study of kidney and liver transplantation for persons with HIV, by 19 transplant centers with funding from the U.S. National Institutes of Health is currently running and is open for new people Even for patients who do not need a transplant immediately but may need one in the future, it can be important to get into the system now to avoid delays if and when a transplant is necessary.
For 12 consecutive years, MGH and BWH have topped the list of independent hospital recipients of research grants from the U.S. National Institutes of Health.
The cell line, a type of culture that can be maintained indefinitely, came from a blood sample obtained by a researcher from the U.S. National Institutes of Health in 1990.
negotiators misled the French over the timing and sequence of the scientific discoveries that led up to the test's roughly simultaneous development by U.S. National Institutes of Health researcher Robert C.
These studies will be funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health and mark the second project selected by the DOD for PLX-R18.
According to researchers at the U.S. National Institutes of Health, around 80 per cent of patients have significant tremor reduction from drinking alcohol.
This study in 645 mother-infant pairs, conducted as a collaboration between researchers from Johns Hopkins University and Uganda and funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), was published in September 1999.
The meeting -- sponsored by Japan's Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (Riken), the U.S. National Institutes of Health and the Wellcome Trust of Britain -- was attended by about 150 researchers from 10 countries, according to the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology.
London, Sept 4 (ANI): Just one dose of a new experimental drug could cure malaria, scientists at U.S. National Institutes of Health have reported.
The company's development programs include collaborations with Sanofi Pasteur for influenza vaccines, the U.S. National Institutes of Health for Ebola and malaria vaccines, and GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), Walter Reed Army Institute of Research and New York University for a malaria vaccine.
The U.S. National Institutes of Health is seeking public comment on a proposal for "establishing a comprehensive, searchable resource of NIH-funded research results and providing free access for all"--but with important limitations.
The company's development programs include collaborations with Aventis Pasteur for influenza vaccines, the U.S. National Institutes of Health for Ebola and malaria vaccines, and GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), Walter Reed Army Institute of Research and New York University for a malaria vaccine.

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