National Science Foundation

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National Science Foundation

(NSF), an independent agency in the executive branch of the U.S. federal government concerned with promoting a national science policy by supporting basic research and education in science. The National Science Board is the policy-making body of the NSF. It consists of 25 members appointed by the president with the consent of Congress. Founded in 1950, the NSF does not conduct research of its own but makes support grants to qualified educational and nonprofit institutions and awards fellowships to individual scientists, teachers, and students. The foundation supports projects in the mathematical, physical, medical, biological, social, and engineering sciences, including the U.S. Antarctic Program, the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, and programs in global geoscience. It supports the development of improved science curriculum materials and fosters the interchange of scientific ideas nationally and internationally. Among the more important permanent NSF-supported facilities are: National Center for Atmospheric Research (Boulder, Colo.), National Radio Astronomy ObservatoryNational Radio Astronomy Observatory
(NRAO), federal observatory for radio astronomy, founded in 1956 and operated under contract with the National Science Foundation by Associated Universities, Inc., a group of major universities. The headquarters are at Charlottesville, Va.
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 (Green Bank, W.Va.), Kitt Peak National ObservatoryKitt Peak National Observatory,
astronomical observatory located southwest of Tucson, Ariz.; it was founded in 1958 under contract with the National Science Foundation and is administered by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy.
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 (Tucson, Ariz.), National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center (Arecibo, Puerto Rico; see Arecibo ObservatoryArecibo Observatory,
radio-astronomy facility located near Arecibo, Puerto Rico, that includes one of the world's largest single-dish radio telescopes, part of the National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center. Conceived by, designed by, and built under the supervision of William E.
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), and Cerro Tololo Inter-American ObservatoryCerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory
, astronomical observatory located on Cerro Tololo peak, Chile, with offices in La Serena, about 40 mi (64 km) to the west. Funded by the U.S.
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 (La Serena, Chile).

National Science Foundation

(body)
(NSF) A US government agency that promotes the advancement of science by funding science researchers, scientific projects and infrastructure to improve the quality of scientific research. The NSFNET is funded by NSF.

http://nsf.org/.
References in periodicals archive ?
The U.S. National Science Foundation recently awarded grants to two Westboro companies for scientific research.
He became Director of the U.S. National Science Foundation in 1972 and first Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) in 1976.
For her work, the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) awarded Rabiei a Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) award in 2003.
National Energy Research Scientific Computing NSF U.S. National Science Foundation ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory SciDAC Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing Program VACET Visualization and Analytics Center for Enabling Technologies
As Geoffrey Boothroyd wrote in a paper on the subject back in 1999, the Design for Assembly portion was first developed back in the 1960s, then, "In the mid-seventies the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) awarded a substantial grant to extend this approach for the general areas of design for manufacture (DFM) and design for assembly (DFA).
In 1997 writer Gretchen Legler abandoned her lackluster romance and her teaching job at the University of Alaska, Anchorage, for five months in Antarctica under the auspices of the U.S. National Science Foundation's Antarctic Artists and Writers Program.
Agencies such as the U.S. National Science Foundation, Arlington, Va., predict that the market for nanotechnology, or products containing nanotechnology, will reach $1 trillion in the next 10 to 15 years.
Scientists from Japan, Korea, the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF), the Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR), and the University of Arizona, to name just a few, took part in the International Rice Genome Sequencing Project (IRGSP.) The project was launched in 1998 but gained momentum in 2002 when two agricultural chemical companies, Monsanto and Syngenta, donated their own rudimentary findings on rice DNA to the project.
* With respect to the technologically advanced workforce, a "National Network for Pulp and Paper Technology Training" consisting of regional government-industry-university-college partnerships has been established and is being supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation.
A range of food products stand to benefit from research led by a Purdue University scientist and funded by a four-year, nearly $6 million U.S. National Science Foundation grant.
The UCLA-led research, funded by the division of materials research of the U.S. National Science Foundation, has immediate potential use in industrial, military and scientific applications.
Department of Energy (DoE), the State of Illinois (IBHE-HECA) and the U.S. National Science Foundation), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (U.S.

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