National Security Agency

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National Security Agency

(NSA), an independent agency within the U.S. Dept. of Defense. Founded by presidential order in 1952, its primary functions are to collect and analyze communications intelligence information and data and to protect the security of U.S. national security systems and information. The NSA also engages in antiterrorist computer network operations. The agency includes the Central Security Service, established in 1972 to promote a full partnership between the NSA and the cryptological elements of the armed forces, and the National Cryptologic School. As a result of 9/119/11,
the terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001, in the United States, and the associated events and impact of those attacks.

The attacks, which were carried out by agents of Al Qaeda (a militant Islamic terrorist group led by Osama bin Laden) used three hijacked commercial
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, the agency significantly expanded its collection and analysis of communications in an effort to thwart terrorist organizations and attacks; some of the NSA's resulting programs, such as the mass collection of the domestic telecommunications records (later banned by Congress), were controversial. In 2009 the U.S. Cyber Command was established under the Strategic Command (see under Strategic Air CommandStrategic Air Command
(SAC), former command of the U.S. air force (see Air Force, United States Department of the) charged with organizing, training, equipping, administering, and preparing strategic air forces for combat; it was headquartered at Offutt Air Force Base.
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) with the head of the NSA as its head. Headquartered in Fort Meade, Md., the NSA is the largest employer of mathematicians in the country. Its director must be a military officer. For many years the NSA was the most hidden of U.S. intelligence agencies; its large budget was secret and its existence barely acknowledged. In addition to its Fort Meade headquarters, the NSA has facilities in a number of other states and countries.

Bibliography

See J. Bamford, The Puzzle Palace (1982) and Body of Secrets (2001).

References in periodicals archive ?
administration regretted Russia's "disappointing decision" to grant U.S. National Security Agency leader Edward Snowden temporary asylum and said it was also "a factor that we considered in assessing the current state of our bilateral relationship." "Our cooperation on these issues remains a priority for the United States, so on Friday, August 9, Secretaries Hagel and Kerry will meet with their Russian counterparts in a 2+2 format in Washington to discuss how we can best make progress moving forward on the full range of issues in our bilateral relationship," the document said.
20 ( ANI ): Pakistan is reportedly the 'most watched country' on the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA) 2013 global surveillance list, with nearly 13.5 billion pieces of email, phone and fax communications being intercepted on a regular basis.
The U.S. National Security Agency (NSA) logged more than 33 million Norwegian phone conversations over a period of a month last winter, a newspaper said on Tuesday in the first such report involving Norway, a NATO ally.
According to AP, the talks, initially scheduled for early October, come amid heightened political tension between the two economic giants because of European anger over the allegedly widespread online spying activities by the U.S. National Security Agency.
31 ( ANI ): The U.S. National Security Agency (NSA) has denied reports of eavesdropping on the phone calls of the Pope and his cardinals as part of their international spying operation as alleged by the Italy's Panorama magazine.
Greenwald has written stories based on material leaked by former U.S. National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden.
Merkel demanded an explanation of the claims made by media that the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA) eavesdropped on the personal phone calls of a Western leader, the BBC reports.
Gogland Island, Leningrad Region, Ramadan 6, 1434, Jul 15, 2013, SPA -- Former U.S. National Security Agency agent Edward Snowden will leave Russia as soon as such an opportunity presents itself but the situation remains unclear, President Vladimir Putin said today.
President Barack Obama had a telephonic conversation with French President Francois Hollande following news reports about the U.S. National Security Agency's alleged spying efforts against French citizens, said the White House.
The opposition Green Party said Monday that Key still had questions to answer as to whether the NZDF had possibly obtained access to Stephenson's phone records from the U.S. National Security Agency through the Prism intelligence network.
Washington, July 14 ( ANI ): Russia has not received any application from Edward Snowden, the U.S. National Security Agency leaker, seeking asylum in the country.
On Saturday, the German magazine Der Spiegel reported on its website that the U.S. National Security Agency had tapped EU offices and gained access to EU internal computer networks.

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