Bodenreider, "The Unified Medical Language System (UMLS
): integrating biomedical terminology," Nucleic Acids Research, vol.
It also maps chemicals to Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) to facilitate integration with PubMed and the UMLS
. The list of synonyms for each Compound Identifier (CID) was downloaded from PubChem in December 2014.
Annotators were asked what UMLS
(1) relation was expressed in the sentence between the highlighted terms, and they disagreed, some choosing the side-effect relation, others choosing cause.
(2006) y Lacoste (2006), proponen un marco de referencia para la recuperacion de imagenes medicas, basado en maquinas de soporte vectorial y en tecnicas de indexamiento basadas en el metathesaurus UMLS
, para aportar informacion semantica asociada al contenido visual de las imagenes.
The new or revised nursing diagnoses with defining characteristics as evidence-based assessments and related factors or risk factors as etiologies; the nursing interventions with evidence-based actions to plan and perform; and the patient outcomes with measurable indicators to evaluate patients are not going to be available through the National Library Medicine UMLS
, or SNOMED-CT according to the future procedures outlined by the IHTSDO; and
Statement 5 includes the following items: Gen Bank, EMBL (European Molecular Biology Laboratory), DNA Data Bank of Japan (DDBJ), SWISS-PROT, PIR (Protein Identification Resource), UMLS
(Unified Medical Language System), RxNorm (provides normalized names for clinical drugs), SNOMED CT (Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine-Clinical Terms), DICOM (Digital Imaging And Communication in Medicine), and HL7 (Health Level Seven).
Bhatt shows an approach of extracting sub-ontology to meet the user needs, based on the unified medical language system (UMLS
), by designing onto Move to exploit the semantic web.
In future work, further experiments are required to link newlydeveloped lexicon with features of UMLS
, a rich biomedical resource.Furthermore, neutral reviews also need to be explored and incorporated.REFERENECES1.K.
In medicine large-scale ontology domains have been implemented besides UMLS
: GALEN, NCI and Medical Entities Dictionary.
Sistemas de aprendizado de maquina executadas essas tarefas usando sacos de grandes dimensoes de recursos, como derivado de tanto o proprio texto e de fontes externas: UMLS
, cTAKES e Medline.