Habitat

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habitat

the environment in which an animal or plant normally lives or grows
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

Habitat

The sum of the environmental conditions that determine the existence of a community in a specific place where humans, animals, plants, and microorganisms live and its surroundings, both living and nonliving.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Habitat

 

an area of land or water occupied by an organism, a group of a single species, a biocenosis, or a synousia and possessing all conditions required for its existence (climate, topography, soil, food).

The habitat of a species is defined as the total area within the species’ range of distribution that satisfies the species’ ecological requirements. The habitat of a population is the part of the species’ habitat that will guarantee the existence of a population. The habitat of an individual is the actual area occupied by a given individual in all phases of its development. There are also animal habitats of family, herd, flock, or colony. There are plant habitats of groves, beds, and other communities. In terms of the use of a habitat, organisms are classified as stenotopic, occupying similar habitats only, and eurytopic, capable of occupying a variety of habitats within the given range of distribution.

The habitats of many species vary with the stage of development in the organism’s life cycle. For example, the larvae of amphibians usually live in water, and the adults on land. Many parasites have a dormant phase outside the given host and an active phase within the host (often limited even to certain organs). The various developmental phases of many parasitic plants are associated with different plant hosts. The part of the habitat that a species occupies for a limited time only (a season, a part of a day) or for a particular purpose (feeding, reproduction) is called a station. The habitat of a biocenosis is called a biotope.

REFERENCES

Naumov, N. P. Ekologiia zhivotnykh, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1963.
Osnovy lesnoi biogeotsenologii. Edited by V. N. Sukachev and N. V. Dylis. Moscow, 1964.

N. P. NAUMOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

habitat

[′hab·ə‚tat]
(ecology)
The part of the physical environment in which a plant or animal lives.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Habitat

(networking, graphics)
The original term for on-line graphical virtual communities or worlds. Created at Lucasfilm in 1985 by Randy Farmer and Chip Morningstar.

http://communities.com/habitat.html.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)
References in periodicals archive ?
WUF10 will take place in Abu Dhabi in February 2020, convened by UN-Habitat and jointly organised with the Abu Dhabi Department of Urban Planning and Municipalities.
The objective of the UN-Habitat Assembly was to unpack the challenges of urbanization (urban poverty, marginalization, unemployment, climate change, humanitarian crises, etcetera) and propose innovative solutions, including best practices, to leverage the opportunities of sustainable urban development so as to leave no one and no place behind.
The special theme for the UN-Habitat Assembly is "Innovation for Better Quality of Life in Cities and Communities".
It also determines the strategic priorities for accelerating the implementation of the New Urban Agenda to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for the next six years through the UN-Habitat's Strategic Plan (2020-2025).
4 million, 56 per cent of the total urban population"Our objective is to create neighbourhoods of affordable, low-cost and good-quality housing for inhabitants relocated from informal settlements," said Dr Chiramba.Tentatively, the groundbreaking ceremony for the Mavoko project will take place in five months' time on the land donated by UN-Habitat.
Abu-Ghazaleh, a UN-HABITAT partner stressed on the need to make lives better more quickly using accelerator programs, leap from technologies that would produce sustainable building without increasing carbon emissions and new infrastructure that would reduce and reuse water, purify precious water, and be fast to build and less disruptive.
On Wednesday, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation (MOFAIC) and the Abu Dhabi Department of Urban Planning and Municipalities signed an agreement in the capital with the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat), for Abu Dhabi to host the World Urban Forum's 10th session.
The initiative, which is a requirement of the UN-Habitat, is a major outcome of the recently concluded Urban Thinkers Campus organised by the administration.
Mr Al Mutawa stressed Bahrain's keenness to boost relations with the UN-Habitat and honour its obligations in sustainable development.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- The United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat), in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Medical Education of the Islamic Republic of Iran will soon begin implementation of the project "Inventory, Earthquake and Multi-Hazard Performance Evaluation of Existing Health Facilities in Islamic Republic of Iran".
Download UN Habitat Executive Director in Beirut NNA - The Executive Director of the United Nations Human Settlements Program (UN-HABITAT), Dr.
Top officials of the ministry of climate change and the UN-Habitat recently discussed in Islamabad the prospects of implementing the New Urban Agenda in Pakistan to make the country's cities habitable and trigger economic prosperity.