Ubykhi

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ubykhi

 

(self-designation, Pekh), a people whose language, culture, and daily life resembled those of the Abkhazians and Adygs. Until the 1860’s the Ubykhi, who numbered about 25,000, lived along the Caucasian coast of the Black Sea between the Shakhe and Sochi rivers. They engaged in the cultivation of land, raised fruits and vegetables, and practiced transhumant livestock raising. In 1864 the Ubykhi were resettled in Turkey, where they were gradually assimilated by the Turkish population.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.