Udmurt


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Udmurt: Udmurt Republic

Udmurt

 

the language of the Udmurts, who live in the Udmurt, Bashkir, Tatar, and Mari ASSR’s and in Kirov, Perm’, and Sverdlovsk oblasts. Udmurt is spoken by 582,000 people (1970 census).

Udmurt belongs to the Permian branch of the Finno-Ugric languages of the Uralic family. It has two dialects: the northern, which includes the contact vernacular of a special ethnic group— the Besermians—and the southern, which includes the dialects of the peoples of the Viatka and Kama river regions. Udmurt is distinguished from other Permian languages by stress on the final syllable of a word, the appearance of the middle vowel ö only in the first syllable of a word, the regular correspondence of* [dz] and 3 [dz] with the initial r of parent forms, certain features of verb morphology, the presence of two conjugational forms, a conditional mood ending with the suffix -sal, and a future tense with the suffix -ol-lo-. The Udmurt lexicon contains many Turkic loanwords that have been incorporated via Old Bulgarian and Tatar.

Udmurt has used a writing system based on the Cyrillic alphabet since the second half of the 18th century. Prerevolutionary Udmurt literature was published in various dialects. The present-day literary language represents a synthesis of the northern and southern dialects with some incorporation of the features of the intermediate subdialects.

REFERENCES

Bubrikh, D. V. Istoricheskaia fonetika udmurtskogo iazyka. Izhevsk, 1948.
Grammatika sovremennogo udmurtskogo iazyka, [part 1.] Izhevsk, 1962.
Tepliashina, T. I. “Udmurtskii iazyk.” In lazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 3. Moscow, 1966. (Contains bibliography.)
Grammatika sovremennogo udmurtskogo iazyka: Sintaksis prostogo predlozheniia. Izhevsk, 1970.
Grammatika sovremennogo udmurtskogo iazyka: Sintaksis slozhnogo predlozheniia. Izhevsk, 1974.
Udmurtsko-russkiislovar’. Moscow, 1948.
Russko-udmurtskii slovar’. Moscow, 1956.

T. I. TEPLIASHINA

References in periodicals archive ?
The Udmurt pronoun [phrase omitted] is of considerable interest to us as, besides the above mentioned semantics, it is also used as the inclusive personal pronoun conveying the meaning 'youSG and I' and 'youPL and I'.
En 2000 se celebraron alla las primeras elecciones presidenciales y el presidente udmurt es al mismo tiempo jefe del poder ejecutivo de la nacion.
``My own country has a population of around 1.6 million, out of which 376,000 speak our own Udmurt language.
Materials of Udmurt language demonstrate that the traditional classification is not enough in studying the present problem.
Address : 426054, Udmurt, Izhevsk, Them The 50Th Anniversary Of The Komsomol, The House 19
is Udmurt teaching language and school subject, mostly in first classes.
Major organization : AUTONOMOUS SOCIAL SERVICE INSTITUTION OF THE UDMURT REPUBLIC "COMPLEX SOCIAL SERVICE CENTER OF THE POPULATION OF THE LENINSKY DISTRICT OF THE CITY OF IZHEVSK"
Major organization : AUTONOMOUS ESTABLISHMENT OF SOCIAL SERVICE OF THE UDMURT REPUBLIC "REPUBLICAN REHABILITATION CENTER FOR CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS" WITH LIMITED OPPORTUNITIES
Tenders are invited for -25160-19 provision of services for the provision of credit to the budget of the udmurt republic
zz-24295-19 development of environmental and economic justification for the creation of protected zones of specially protected natural areas of regional significance of the udmurt republic
yukamenskoye, yukamensky district of the udmurt republic