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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the language of ancient Ugarit, recorded in written texts from the 14th and 13th centuries B.C. and in a few later inscriptions. Ugaritic belongs to the Northwestern group of Semitic languages and closely resembles the Canaanite languages, such as Phoenician and Hebrew, within which subgroup some scholars classify it. The Ugaritic texts are inscribed on clay tablets and in stone in the Ugaritic consonantal cuneiforms. This alphabet, in addition to consonantal letters, contained syllabic markings for the combinations ’a, ’i, and ’u, which makes it possible to draw conclusions about the vowels and their grammatical functions.

The texts contain three varieties of Ugaritic: archaic, classical, and vulgar, all of which differ phonetically. The consonant system of archaic Ugaritic differs only slightly from that of Proto-Semitic, lacking only lateral sibilants as separate phonemes. Classical and vulgar Ugaritic show a tendency toward loss of interdental consonants. The morphology of Ugaritic is typically Western Semitic: it preserves cases and the ancient moods and has a highly developed system of verb forms. The lexicon is Semitic, with loanwords from the Hurrian language.


Segert, S. Ugaritskii iazyk. Moscow, 1965. (Translated from German.)
Aistleitner, J. Wörterbuch der ugaritischen Sprache, 3rd ed. Berlin, 1967.
Gordon, C. H. Ugaritic Textbook, [parts 1–3]. Graz, 1967.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
These observations prompt the inevitable questions: Was El in the Old Testament and the Ugaritic myths the same deity?
(RS 17.372 A-RS 17.360A: 1-5, 8'-11') In this accord, Sausga-muwa is positioned as the royal figure who grants the property, analogous to Niqmepa, the Ugaritic sovereign in RS 16.260, who was the father of Ammistamru II.
(17) In Ugaritic literature this applies to important deities such as El, Baal, Anat, Yam and Mot.
and Ugaritic (of which nothing had been known before).
Through repeated analysis, the program linked letters and words to map nearly all the Ugaritic symbols to their Hebrew equivalents in a matter of hours.
Her counterparts in the ancient world included Ishtar in Babylon, Assyria's Belit, Astarte and Asherah in Canaan, the Ugaritic Anat, Magna Mater in Phrygia, both Venus and Juno in Rome, Aphrodite or Hera in Greece, and more.
There are more ancient `catalogues' that list tablets, both literary and bureaucratic contained in baskets or perhaps on shelves, than the author has noted, and both types of text could be mixed together, as the archives of Ugarit make abundantly plain -- to give one example, in 1994 the `House of Urtennu' produced letters, legal deeds, lexical texts, literary and religious compositions in Akkadian and in Ugaritic (see P.
In Ugaritic and Old Testament Hebrew, Baal's epithet as the storm god was He Who Rides on the Clouds.
The Ugaritic language has been taught at many international universities from decades and it has gained its own world which has been on the international level as the "Ugaritology", in addition to an international magazine named after it "Ugaritica".
'lmlk "El is king" in Ugaritic, Aramaic, and Ammonite and Il-milki "El is my king" in Neo-Assyrian.
It is also found in Ugaritic and appears to be an Egyptian loanword.
of Texas-Austin) summarizes the grammar of the Semitic language Ugaritic for students who are already at least slightly familiar with Biblical Hebrew.