Ugo Foscolo


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Foscolo, Ugo

 

(real name, Niccolò Foscolo). Born Feb. 6, 1778, on the island of Zante, Greece; died Sept. 10, 1827, in Turnham Green, near London. Italian poet and literary critic.

Foscolo received a classical education in Padua. He took part in the Italian national liberation movement and fought in Napoleon’s army. In 1798 he became disillusioned with Napoleon, condemned him as a new oppressor, and left the army. In 1816 he emigrated to England.

Foscolo’s earliest poems were lyric epistles and odes. His tragedies Tieste (1797), Ajax (1811), and Ricciarda (1813) followed the traditions of revolutionary classicism. Foscolo’s poetic masterpiece, the lyric poem The Tombs, was written in 1806 and published the following year. In the narrative poem The Graces (1812–13), Foscolo extolled ideal beauty.

Foscolo’s novel The Last Letters of Iacopo Ortis (1798; last edition published during the author’s lifetime, 1816; Russian translation, 1962) underwent a number of revisions. The book, which began as a sentimental novel in letters, evolved into a lyric confession imbued with revolutionary romanticism and patriotic enthusiasm. Foscolo’s articles on Italian literature included “The Lyric Poetry of Tasso,” “A Historical Commentary on the Decameron,” and his most important literary study, “Commentary on Dante’s Divine Comedy” (1825). Foscolo is recognized as the founder of romantic literary criticism in Italy.

WORKS

Epistolario, vols. 1–2. Florence, 1949–52.
Edizione nazionale delle opere, vols. 1–12. Florence, 1958.

REFERENCES

Dante i vsemirnaia literatura: [sb. stateij. Moscow, 1967. Pages 158–65.
Poluiakhtova, I. K. “Ugo Foskolo.” In Istoriia ital’ianskoi literatury XIXv.: Epokha Risordzhimento. Moscow, 1970.
Pecchio, G. Vita di Ugo Foscolo. Lugano, 1830.
Graf, A. Foscolo, Manzoni, Leopardi. Turin, 1898.
Donaldoni, E. Ugo Foscolo: Pensatore, critico, poeta, saggio, 2nd ed. Palermo, 1927.
Natali, G. Ugo Foscolo. Florence [1967]. (Contains bibliography.)
Fubini, M. Ugo Foscolo [3rd ed.]. Florence [1967].

I. K. POLUIAKHTOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
I argue that Tennyson was working from a version of the Lady of Shalott tale found in a widely circulated essay on Boccaccio-and Boccaccio's source hunters-by the expatriate Italian poet and critic Ugo Foscolo.
Non solo, quindi, la tabacchiera vista come "luogo mentale, sede della memoria letteraria attiva nella scrittura del romanzo" ma anche, alla maniera ammiccante di Sterne e del suo traduttore Ugo Foscolo, come un "richiamo per lettori disposti a brividare di agnizioni nel labirinto dialogico dei Promessi Sposi".
In a third reflection on the relationship between literature and nation-building in the 19th century, my article 'A false edition of the Comedy, and its truth' recounts Foscolo's last years in London in order to uncover why Giuseppe Mazzini did not write his long-anticipated biography of Ugo Foscolo and, instead, completed and published under Foscolo's name the edition the Divine Comedy that the latter had merely begun to sketch.
By relying on an accepted canon of Italian literature, authors like Alfieri and Ugo Foscolo added to a body of literature without alienating splinter political groups.
O poema Os Sepulcros (Dei Sepolcri), um dos mais celebres textos de Ugo Foscolo, composto entre os anos de 1806 e 1807, e publicado pela primeira vez na primavera de 1807, desenvolve o tema dos cemiterios e dos sepulcros.
Their pre-romantic musings extended to Ugo Foscolo, then to Alessandro Torri's polyglot volume, whose second edition in 1843 contained thirty-one versions in six languages.
See Ugo Foscolo, Lettere scritte dall'Inghilterra (1817), ed.
Por ultimo, el estudio de Santiago Juan-Navarro sobre el libro Ultime lettere di Jacopo Oras de Ugo Foscolo constituye un buen ejemplo de que la problematizacion del proceso de la escritura y la escritura reflexiva, consideradas, en general, como propias del siglo XX y, sobre todo, de su segunda mitad, en realidad, son tambien caracteristicas de la literatura italiana del siglo XIX, la que es leida desde la reflexion postestructuralista, ratificando, asi, un fenomeno de globalizacion cultural y de sensibilidad comun a la cultura occidental moderna y como critica de ella.
The fortune of Sterne in Italy is strictly bound up with the name of Ugo Foscolo, one of the father-figures of national literature in Italian literary historiography, yet a complex, ex-centric one.
Ugo Foscolo was an Italian poet, novelist, and freedom fighter who refused to serve the Austrians after the fall of Napoleon and went into exile in England, where he contributed to periodicals to help support himself.
The Venetian writer Ugo Foscolo described Napoleon in 1814 as, `incorrigibly a tyrant .
While in Italy he became secretary (1812-17) to the Italian poet and patriot Ugo Foscolo, a fellow native of Zacynthus.