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a general designation for the linguistically related Mansi and Khanty peoples of the Trans-Ural Region and the Hungarians (Magyars) living along the Danube. In the 12th-century Primary Chronicle, the ancestors of the Hungarians are called Ugry, or Ugrians, and the ancestors of the Khanty and Mansi are called Iugra, a term later reserved mainly for the Khanty.
The Ugric language branch is related to the ancient Uralic language family, from which it had probably emerged as a distinct offshoot in the fourth and third millennia B.C. The Proto-Ugrians were initially concentrated at the edge of the southern taiga and the forest steppe of Western Siberia, from the Central Urals to the Irtysh region. From there the ancestors of the Mansi and, particularly, those of the Khanty dispersed farther north; moving west, the ancestors of the Hungarians reached the Danube in the eighth and ninth centuries.