Ui Byong

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ui Byong

 

in medieval Korea, a people’s militia, made up primarily of peasants, organized to repulse foreign invaders The ui byong first appeared in the late tenth century, during the invasion of the Khitans. In modern times the ui byong consisted of armed detachments of Korean patriots who fought against the Japanese aggressors. The partisan struggle waged by these detachments took on a wide scope in Korea between 1905 and 1908, after the establishment of a Japanese protectorate in 1905. Only by routing the main forces of the ui byong and driving them to remote regions were the Japanese imperialists able to annex Korea in August 1910.

REFERENCE

Istoriia Korei, vol. 1. Moscow, 1974.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.