Ujjain


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Ujjain

(o͞ojīn`, o͞o`jīn), city (1991 pop. 362,633), Madhya Pradesh state, central India, on the Sipra River. Many pilgrims visit Ujjain, which Hindus consider one of the holiest places in India. The town is comparatively new, but nearby is a ruined ancient city, which may have been inhabited in the late 2d millennium B.C. This city has been identified as the capital of the semilegendary kingdom of Avanti, which was described in Buddhist chronicles as one of the greatest Indian states. Later it was the central city of the Malwa kingdoms, and in the 8th cent. A.D. it became the center of Sanskrit learning. Muslims captured the city in 1235 and destroyed most of the Hindu temples. Akbar conquered it in 1562, and not until it became (c.1750) part of Gwalior was Ujjain restored to Hindu control. Today Ujjain is a district administrative headquarters and the seat of Vikram Univ. It has an agricultural and textile market; manufactures include metalware, strawboard, batteries, tile, confectionery, and hosiery.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ujjain

 

a city in India, in the state of Madhya Pradesh, in the northern foothills of the Vindhya Mountains, at the source of the Chambal River. Population, 209,000 (1971). Ujjain is a transportation junction. Its industries include cotton ginning and weaving, food processing, and metalworking. One of the oldest cities in India, dating from approximately the seventh century B.C., Ujjain is a center for Hindu pilgrimages. Ancient Indian geographers traditionally drew the first meridian through the city. Ujjain is famous for the observatory of Jai Singh, built circa 1730 to the south of the city.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Ujjain

a city in W central India, in Madhya Pradesh: one of the seven sacred cities of the Hindus; a major agricultural trade centre. Pop.: 429 933 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
On Thursday, trader Kirti Kelkar was booked under National Security Act (NSA) on charges of adulteration in food items by the Ujjain district administration.
Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena has arrived in Delhi today for a "working visit," where he will meet with Prime Minister Modi and attend the 'Simhasth' Kumbh Mela in Ujjain.
An order issued by Ujjain District Magistrate Shashank Mishra in this regard read, "To prohibit Ujjain resident Kirti Vardhan from action in any manner prejudicial to the maintenance of public order, it is necessary to detain him keeping in view the following significant points, under sub-section (2) of Section 3 of the National Security Act, 1980."
We are interrogating the suspects," Sachin Atulkar, Ujjain's Superintendent of Police told reporters.
"Today, at the Mahakal temple in Ujjain, the national general Secretary, @priyankagandhi offered Pooja Archana and sought the blessings of Baba Mahakal for happiness and prosperity of the region.
Summary: Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh) [India], Jan 29 (ANI):EeTwelve people, including 3 children, died after two cars had a head-on collision at Ujjain's Ramgarh village late on Monday night.
Summary: Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh) [India], July 14 (ANI): Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan will launch a high-voltage 'Jan Ashirwad Yatra' from Ujjain city today.
Summary: Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh) [India], May 6 (ANI): A circular which directed the Dalit community in Madhya Pradesh's Ujjain district to submit notice three days before their wedding has been withdrawn.
Singh and unearthed disproportionate assets worth Rs.42 crores from his residences in Bhopal and Ujjain.