Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Ujung Pandang(üjŭng` pändäng`), formerly
Makasar(məkăs`ər), city (1990 pop. 944,685), SW Sulawesi, capital of Sulawesi Selatan prov., Indonesia. The largest city in Sulawesi, it is one of Indonesia's important seaports, a distribution and transshipment point for goods from Europe and Asia. Exports include coffee, teak, spices, copra, rubber, rattan, and gums and resins. The city is also a commercial center, with a large central market. Industries include the manufacture of cement and paper and the assembly of automobiles. Once a center of spice smuggling, Ujung Pandang was a thriving port when the Portuguese arrived (16th cent.). The Dutch supplanted the Portuguese, triumphing over the indigenous sultan in 1667. Ujung Pandang became a free port in 1848. It is the seat of several universities. In World War II, Makasar Strait (between Borneo and Sulawesi) was the scene of a Japanese naval defeat.
(Makassar until 1970), a city and port in Indonesia on the Makassar Strait; administrative center of the province of Southern Sulawesi. Population, 434,800 (1971). Ujung Pandang is an important commercial, transportation, financial, and cultural center. Cargo turnover at the port is approximately 500,000 tons. The city has an airport and a railroad station. Such items as copra, spices, coffee, rattan, resin, valuable wood, and hides are exported through Ujung Pandang. There are food, textile, and woodworking industries. A shipyard and cement and paper plants are nearby. The city has a university (built 1956), a pedagogical institute, and an agricultural research institute.