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(also Uvek), one of the major cities of the Golden Horde. Ukek, which in the early 14th century minted its own coins, existed until the end of the 14th century. Its ruins, located near the modern railroad station of Uvek near Saratov, were investigated at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th. The remains of houses with horizontal flues were found, as well as the remains of pottery kilns and Muslim necropolises. In 1913, A. A. Krotkov excavated a mausoleum containing the rich burial of a woman. The buildings discovered at Ukek were built of baked and mud bricks. Other finds included cisterns for water and grain, glazed and unglazed pottery, fragments of stone vessels, tiles, mosaics, majolicas, water pipes, silver and copper coins of the Golden Horde, small bronze idols, and Christian crosses.
REFERENCESMinkh, A. N. “Naberezhnyi Uvek.” In Saratovskii Sbornik, vol. 1. Saratov, 1881.
Krotkov, A. A. “Raskopki na Uveke v 1913.” In Tr. Saratovskoi uchenoi arkhivnoi komissii, fase. 32. Saratov, 1915.
Ballod, F. V. Privolzhskie “Pompei.” Moscow-Petrograd, 1923.