Ukhtomskii, Dmitrii Vasilevich
Ukhtomskii, Dmitrii Vasil’evich
Born 1719 in the village of Semenovskoe, in what is now Yaroslavl Oblast; died Oct. 4 (15), 1774, in the village of Arkhangel’skoe-Dubki, in what is now Tula Oblast. Russian architect.
Ukhtomskii studied in Moscow at the School of Mathematical and Navigational Sciences. He worked under I. F. Michurin from 1733 to 1741 and I. K. Korobov from 1741 to 1744. His works, notable for their elegant proportions, display a sculptural richness typical of Russian baroque architecture of the mid-18th century. They include the bell tower of the St. Sergius Trinity Monastery and the Krasnye Gate (1753–57; not preserved) and the Senate Building (reconstruction, 1753–57) in Moscow; Ukhtomskii designed and supervised the construction of all three of these structures.
The works of Ukhtomskii, who was in fact the chief architect of Moscow in his time, played an important role in the planning and construction of the city. Ukhtomskii was also a distinguished teacher and the founder of Russia’s first school of architecture, where M. F. Kazakov, A. F. Kokorinov, and I. E. Starov were trained.