Ulama


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Related to Ulama: Nahdlatul Ulama
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ulama

 

(ulema), Muslim theologians and canon lawyers. During the Middle Ages, the ulama presided over Muslim religious institutions, schools, and courts and acted as expounders of Islamic law. They also managed the income derived from the waqfs. Today, the ulama still exercise considerable influence in most countries of the Middle East.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Under the leadership of Khomeini, the alliance between the ulama, university students (who were attracted to Khomeini's militant discourse) and politically active intellectuals created a formidable force of opposition.
The young, progressive leaders may have made their presence felt in the party, but the ultimate decision-makers are still among the orthodox clerics in the religious consultative council ''Majlis Syura Ulama'' led by 76-year-old party spiritual leader Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat.
As long as the rulers did not unduly interfere in matters of religious belief, the ulama adopted a largely politically quietist stand.
The most exemplary ulama were extremely attentive to words and handled them with care.
Printing Jihadiyeh appears to have been a conscious effort by elements from the secular authority to engage the Shi'a ulama in politics.
He said that the Ulama and religious community of Pakistan stand with its army.
"The Assam Jamiat Ulama wants to deport all the illegal foreigners from the state," he said.
According to him, the Muslim Ulamas in the country has the responsibility of contributing to the peace and tranquillity of the country, saying their preachings during Tafseer should be devoid of an attack on persons or religion.
The Ulama League of the Philip-pines has been working closely with the Bishops of the Catholic church.
Ulama is a timuay (chieftain) in central Mindanao's indigenous Teduray people, which is involved in the peace process between the government and the Moro Islamic Liberation.
MULTAN -- Wifaqul Madaris Al-Arabia (WMAA), a representative body of religious schools, has rejected a proposal regarding issuance of a uniform Juma sermon to the clerics from the government, saying ulama will never read out this sermon.