Under the leadership of Khomeini, the alliance between the ulama
, university students (who were attracted to Khomeini's militant discourse) and politically active intellectuals created a formidable force of opposition.
The young, progressive leaders may have made their presence felt in the party, but the ultimate decision-makers are still among the orthodox clerics in the religious consultative council ''Majlis Syura Ulama
'' led by 76-year-old party spiritual leader Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat.
As long as the rulers did not unduly interfere in matters of religious belief, the ulama
adopted a largely politically quietist stand.
The most exemplary ulama
were extremely attentive to words and handled them with care.
Printing Jihadiyeh appears to have been a conscious effort by elements from the secular authority to engage the Shi'a ulama
He said that the Ulama
and religious community of Pakistan stand with its army.
"The Assam Jamiat Ulama
wants to deport all the illegal foreigners from the state," he said.
According to him, the Muslim Ulamas
in the country has the responsibility of contributing to the peace and tranquillity of the country, saying their preachings during Tafseer should be devoid of an attack on persons or religion.
League of the Philip-pines has been working closely with the Bishops of the Catholic church.
is a timuay (chieftain) in central Mindanao's indigenous Teduray people, which is involved in the peace process between the government and the Moro Islamic Liberation.
MULTAN -- Wifaqul Madaris Al-Arabia (WMAA), a representative body of religious schools, has rejected a proposal regarding issuance of a uniform Juma sermon to the clerics from the government, saying ulama
will never read out this sermon.